Colloidal gold nanoparticles were used to develop a simple microfluidics-based bioassay that is able to recognize and detect specific DNA sequences via conformational change-induced fluorescence quenching. In this method, a self-assembled monolayer of gold nanoparticles was fabricated on the channel wall of a microfluidic chip, and DNA probes were bonded to the monolayer via thiol groups at one end and a fluorophore dye was attached to the other end of the probe. The created construct is spontaneously assembled into a constrained arch-like conformation on the particle surface and, under which, the fluorescence of fluorophores is quenched by gold nanoparticles. Hybridization of target DNAs results in a conformational change of the construct and then restores the fluorescence, which serves as a sensing method for the target genes. The nanocomposite constructed on the glass surface was characterized by UV absorbance measurement and the quenching efficiency for different fluorophores was evaluated by Stern-Volmer studies. The applicability of proposed assay was first demonstrated by the use of a pair of synthesized complementary and noncomplementary DNA sequences. The method was further applied for the detection of the PCR product of dengue virus with the use of enterovirus as the negative control, and results indicate that the assay is specific for the target gene. Moreover, using this approach, dehybridization, hybridization, and detection of the target genes can be performed in situ on the same microfluidic channel. Thus, this method could be regarded as one-pot reaction and it holds great promises for clinical diagnostics.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Analytical Chemistry
- Clinical Biochemistry