Hepatic damage caused by coxsackievirus B3 is dependent on age-related tissue tropisms associated with the coxsackievirus-adenovirus receptor

Jung Yen Liu, Shih Min Wang, I. Chun Chen, Chun Keung Yu, Ching Chuan Liu

研究成果: Article同行評審

12 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

Coxsackievirus B (CVB) and enterovirus 71 (EV71) are important causes of severe enteroviral diseases in neonates or young children in Taiwan. CVB can cause fulminant hepatitis, myocarditis or meningoencephalitis. This study was designed to explore the role of coxsackievirus-adenovirus receptor (CAR) in the pathogenesis of CVB3-infected hepatocytes via in vitro and mice studies. CVB3 (CVB3/2630) was isolated from liver tissue of a neonate with fulminant hepatitis. Cell lines A549, HeLa, HEp2 and Huh-7 were maintained in Dulbecco's modified Eagle's medium. Mice progeny 1 or 7 days old were used in the experiments. Viremia was noted in 7-day-old ICR mice 2 h after intraperitoneal injection. The highest viral titers were detected in blood, liver and spleen. Histopathological studies of the liver demonstrated polymorphonuclear cell infiltration, massive hepatic cell necrosis and apoptosis. CAR was expressed more in liver than in other tissues. Expression of CAR decreased with mouse age. Anti-CAR monoclonal antibody prevented infection of Huh-7 cells from CVB3. Furthermore, anti-CAR monoclonal antibody pretreatment can reduce mortality and decrease the level of liver enzymes in CVB3-infected mice. These findings indicate that CAR plays an important role in the initiation of CVB infections and is closely associated with hepatotropism and age-specific susceptibility.

原文English
頁(從 - 到)52-60
頁數9
期刊Pathogens and Disease
68
發行號2
DOIs
出版狀態Published - 2013

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology and Microbiology(all)
  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases

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