Herbal and dietary supplement-induced liver injury in Taiwan: comparison with conventional drug-induced liver injury

Yi Shin Huang, Ting Tsung Chang, Cheng Yuan Peng, Gin Ho Lo, Chao Wei Hsu, Chi Tan Hu, Yi Hsiang Huang

研究成果: Article同行評審

9 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

Background and aims: Whether herbal and dietary supplements (HDS) are safer than Western conventional drugs is controversial. The aim of this study was to explore the characteristics and risk factors for HDS-induced liver injury (HILI) in Taiwan. Methods: This is a 9-year multi-center prospective study conducted in Taiwan from 2011 to 2019. Patients with HILI were compared to those with conventional drug-induced liver injury (CILI). Results: A total of 1,297 patients were enrolled, of whom 285 (22.0%) had HILI and 1,012 (78.0%) had CILI. Compared to the CILI group, the HILI group had higher initial serum alanine aminotransferase, alkaline phosphatase (ALP), peak ALP and bilirubin levels, and higher rates of jaundice, ascites, encephalopathy, coagulopathy, sepsis and acute liver failure. In addition, the HILI group had a higher mortality rate than the CILI group (12.6 vs. 8.0%, p = 0.016). Hepatitis B carrier status, elevated baseline liver biochemical tests and the use of crude herbs (without processing) were associated with an increased risk of HILI-related mortality (adjusted hazard ratios [95% confidence intervals]: 2.90 [1.43–5.99], 2.40 [1.01–5.68] and 2.94 [1.45–5.97], respectively). Conclusions: HDS are popular and incriminated in more than one-fifth of drug-induced liver injuries in Taiwan. The patients with HILI were more severe than those with CILI in terms of liver biochemical tests, complications and mortality. Hepatitis B carriers, those with elevated baseline liver tests and crude herb users may have a higher risk of HILI-related mortality. The prudent use of HDS is suggested in these high-risk subjects.

原文English
頁(從 - 到)1456-1465
頁數10
期刊Hepatology International
15
發行號6
DOIs
出版狀態Published - 2021 12月

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 肝病

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