High frequency ultrasonic attenuation and backscatter measurements of rat blood

研究成果: Conference contribution

摘要

There has recently been a great deal of interest in noninvasive high-frequency ultrasound imaging of small animals such as rats due to them being the preferred animal model for gene therapy and cancer research. Imaging rats using high-frequency ultrasound at frequencies above 30 MHz has become a crucial tool in many preclinical studies. Consequently, a clear understanding of the high frequency ultrasound backscattering and attenuation properties of rat blood is crucial for the design and future development of high frequency ultrasound Doppler and power Doppler imaging systems for rats. In the present study, the attenuation and backscattering coefficients of rat (Wistar rats) red blood cell (RBC) suspensions and whole blood with hematocrits ranging from 6% to 40% were measured between 30 and 60 MHz. Due to the focused transducers were used, a modified substitution approach was used for accurately measuring these ultrasonic parameters. The attenuation coefficients of rat blood were found to increase linearly with frequency and hematocrit. The average attenuation coefficient of rat whole blood with a hematocrit of 40% increased from 0.26 Nepers/mm at 30 MHz to 0.47 Nepers/mm at 60 MHz. The maximum backscattering coefficients of rat RBC suspensions were between 10% and 15% hematocrits at all frequencies. The fourth-power dependence of backscatter on frequency was approximately valid for rat RBC suspensions with hematocrits between 6% and 40%. The backscattering coefficient plateaued for hematocrits higher than 20% in rat whole blood, and shifted to a hematocrit of 10% at a higher speed. Due to the low RBC aggregation level in rat blood, the scattering properties of rat RBCs in plasma are similar to those of RBCs in saline at a higher rotation speed.

原文English
主出版物標題2010 IEEE International Ultrasonics Symposium, IUS 2010
頁面2323-2326
頁數4
DOIs
出版狀態Published - 2010
事件2010 IEEE International Ultrasonics Symposium, IUS 2010 - San Diego, CA, United States
持續時間: 2010 10月 112010 10月 14

出版系列

名字Proceedings - IEEE Ultrasonics Symposium
ISSN(列印)1051-0117

Other

Other2010 IEEE International Ultrasonics Symposium, IUS 2010
國家/地區United States
城市San Diego, CA
期間10-10-1110-10-14

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 聲學與超音波

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