High-Temperature Syngas Desulfurization and Particulate Filtration by ZnO/Ceramic Filters

T. C. Wang, Ling Wei Wei, H. L. Huang, Kuen Song Lin, H. Paul Wang

研究成果: Article同行評審

1 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

Combustible gas (e.g., gasification syngas) cleaning at high temperatures can obtain further gains in energy efficiency for power generation and importantly leads to a simplified process and lower cost as a commercially viable source of clean energy. Thus, a feasibility study for high-temperature desulfurization (HTDS) and additional high-temperature particulate filtration (HTPF) of a raw syngas using ZnO sorbent-dispersed Raney CuO (ZnO/R-CuO) and ceramic filter (ZnO/CF) has been carried out. By synchrotron X-ray absorption near-edge structure (XANES) spectroscopy, mainly Zn(II) and Cu(II) are found in the ZnO/R-CuO sorbents. Both ZnO and R-CuO in the sorbents are involved in HTDS (1% H2S) at 873 K to form ZnS, Cu2S, and a small amount of CuS and reach relatively high HTDS efficiencies (82-90%). In addition, regeneration of the sulfurized sorbent by oxidation with O2 at 873 K (HTRG) for 1 h can restore ZnO and CuO for continuous and repetitive HTDS-HTRG cycles. To facilitate the HTDS engineering applications by the ZnO/R-CuO sorbents, their reaction rate constant (8.35 × 104 cm3/g/min) and activation energy (114.8 kJ/mol) at 873 K have also been determined. Furthermore, the ZnO/CF sorbent/filter can perform HTDS and additional HTPF at 873 K with very high particulate removal efficiencies (>98%). This demonstrates the feasibility for hot-syngas cleaning with a much better energy efficiency and lesser cost for cleaner power generation.

原文English
頁(從 - 到)13813-13818
頁數6
期刊ACS Omega
8
發行號15
DOIs
出版狀態Published - 2023 4月 18

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 一般化學
  • 一般化學工程

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