Highly efficient nanocomposite electrolytes were prepared by mixing the montmorillonite (MMT) clay nanofillers and iodide poly(vinylidene fluoride-co-hexafluoropropylene (PVDF-HFP) gel electrolytes for the purpose of measuring the performance of quasi-solid-state dye-sensitized solar cells (QS-DSSCs). The impacts of different amounts of MMT nanofillers on the ion diffusivity, conductivity of the polymer gel electrolytes (PGEs), and the photovoltaic performance of the cells using the PGEs were evaluated. The results indicated that the use of 5 wt.% MMT markedly increase the ion diffusivity and conductivity of the PVDF-HFP PGE. The introduction of 5 wt.% nanofillers considerably reduced the Warburg diffusion resistance, which made to the high performance of the QS-DSSCs. Cells utilizing 5 wt.% MMT nanofillers were shown to obtain a power conversion efficiency (PCE) (6.77%) higher than that obtained for cells using pure PGEs and identical to that obtained using liquid electrolytes (LEs) (6.77%). The high PCE was a result of an enhance in the current density in the presence of the 5 wt.% MMT nanofillers. The DSSC efficiency was found to maintain 99.9% of its initial value after 194 h of testing at 60°C under dark environments. The stability of the DSSC using PGEs with the optimal amount of MMT nanofillers was higher than that for the cells using liquid electrolyte and pure PGE.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Chemical Engineering(all)