Hyaluronan regulates cell behavior: A potential niche matrix for stem cells

Mairim Alexandra Solis, Ying Hui Chen, Tzyy Yue Wong, Vanessa Zaiatz Bittencourt, Yen Cheng Lin, Lynn L.H. Huang

研究成果: Review article

109 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

Hyaluronan is a linear glycosaminoglycan that has received special attention in the last few decades due to its extraordinary physiological functions. This highly viscous polysaccharide is not only a lubricator, but also a significant regulator of cellular behaviors during embryogenesis, morphogenesis, migration, proliferation, and drug resistance in many cell types, including stem cells. Most hyaluronan functions require binding to its cellular receptors CD44, LYVE-1, HARE, layilin, and RHAMM. After binding, proteins are recruited and messages are sent to alter cellular activities. When low concentrations of hyaluronan are applied to stem cells, the proliferative activity is enhanced. However, at high concentrations, stem cells acquire a dormant state and induce a multidrug resistance phenotype. Due to the influence of hyaluronan on cells and tissue morphogenesis, with regards to cardiogenesis, chondrogenesis, osteogenesis, and neurogenesis, it is now been utilized as a biomaterial for tissue regeneration. This paper summarizes the most important and recent findings regarding the regulation of hyaluronan in cells.

原文English
文章編號346972
期刊Biochemistry Research International
DOIs
出版狀態Published - 2012 三月 21

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry

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