Hydrogen energy is environmental-friendly and considered an attractive alternative to fossil fuels. Among the feasible technologies for hydrogen generation, photocatalysis-derived hydrogen from water splitting is considered to be the optimal solution for meeting long-term sustainability and increased energy demands. In this context, various photocatalytic genres are proposed, with metal and carbon-supported photocatalysts demonstrating greater comprehensiveness and potential for addressing solar-driven hydrogen production from water. Several important aspects of the aforementioned photocatalytic genres are reviewed in the present work in an effort to provide pertinent researchers with new horizons for more advanced performance. The review is initiated by introducing the primary principles in photocatalysis, as well as the prerequisites for hydrogen generation from water. The focus then moves to metal-based photocatalysts, where the important features of these materials as photocatalysts are summarized. Related limitations are also discussed, along with the proposed strategies that could potentially mitigate them. Similar systematic summaries are made of knowledge on carbon-based photocatalysts. The review concludes with a discussion of potential future research directions in light of the bottlenecks currently encountered. With the proper research and development, metal-based and carbon-based photocatalysts could produce clean hydrogen from water, thereby fueling global development without causing environmental harm.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- 化學 (全部)
- 化學工程 (全部)