Hydrogen production characteristics of methanol partial oxidation under sprays with ultra-low Pt and Pd contents in catalysts

Wei-Hsin Chen, Yu Zhi Guo

研究成果: Article

2 引文 (Scopus)

摘要

The hydrogen production performances of the partial oxidation of methanol (POM) under sprays are investigated. Three different catalysts of Pt/Al2O3, h-BN-Pt/Al2O3, and h-BN-Pd/Al2O3 with ultra-low Pt and Pd contents (0.2 wt%) are utilized, and the influence of the O2-to-methanol molar (O2/C) ratio on POM is examined. It is found that POM can be triggered in cold start using the Pt/Al2O3 and h-BN-Pt/Al2O3, whereas the h-BN-Pd/Al2O3 needs to be preheated to drive POM. Increasing the O2/C ratio raises the reaction temperature. The maximum H2 yield is always located at O2/C = 0.6, which stands for the transition point of the chemical reaction dominated by partial oxidation to combustion. Once the O2/C ratio is 0.7, almost all methanol is consumed in three catalysts. Overall, the H2 production under the aids of the catalysts is characterized by h-BN-Pt/Al2O3 > Pt/Al2O3 > h-BN-Pd/Al2O3, revealing the better performance of Pt than Pd. The thermodynamic analysis indicates that the theoretical H2 yield declines with rising the O2/C ratio, whereas the measurements suggest that the H2 production increases. For the h-BN-Pt/Al2O3 catalyst, its maximum performance, namely, the ratio of the experimental H2 yield to the theoretical one, develops at O2/C = 0.8 where the value is beyond 99%. However, the maximum H2 yield of 1.66 mol (mol methanol)−1, corresponding to the performance of 91.3%, is located at O2/C = 0.6 which is recommended for operation. The obtained results and findings can provide useful insights into the application of POM for hydrogen production in industry.

原文English
頁(從 - 到)599-609
頁數11
期刊Fuel
222
DOIs
出版狀態Published - 2018 六月 15

指紋

Hydrogen production
Methanol
Oxidation
Catalysts
Chemical reactions
Thermodynamics
Industry

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Organic Chemistry

引用此文

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title = "Hydrogen production characteristics of methanol partial oxidation under sprays with ultra-low Pt and Pd contents in catalysts",
abstract = "The hydrogen production performances of the partial oxidation of methanol (POM) under sprays are investigated. Three different catalysts of Pt/Al2O3, h-BN-Pt/Al2O3, and h-BN-Pd/Al2O3 with ultra-low Pt and Pd contents (0.2 wt{\%}) are utilized, and the influence of the O2-to-methanol molar (O2/C) ratio on POM is examined. It is found that POM can be triggered in cold start using the Pt/Al2O3 and h-BN-Pt/Al2O3, whereas the h-BN-Pd/Al2O3 needs to be preheated to drive POM. Increasing the O2/C ratio raises the reaction temperature. The maximum H2 yield is always located at O2/C = 0.6, which stands for the transition point of the chemical reaction dominated by partial oxidation to combustion. Once the O2/C ratio is 0.7, almost all methanol is consumed in three catalysts. Overall, the H2 production under the aids of the catalysts is characterized by h-BN-Pt/Al2O3 > Pt/Al2O3 > h-BN-Pd/Al2O3, revealing the better performance of Pt than Pd. The thermodynamic analysis indicates that the theoretical H2 yield declines with rising the O2/C ratio, whereas the measurements suggest that the H2 production increases. For the h-BN-Pt/Al2O3 catalyst, its maximum performance, namely, the ratio of the experimental H2 yield to the theoretical one, develops at O2/C = 0.8 where the value is beyond 99{\%}. However, the maximum H2 yield of 1.66 mol (mol methanol)−1, corresponding to the performance of 91.3{\%}, is located at O2/C = 0.6 which is recommended for operation. The obtained results and findings can provide useful insights into the application of POM for hydrogen production in industry.",
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AU - Chen, Wei-Hsin

AU - Guo, Yu Zhi

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N2 - The hydrogen production performances of the partial oxidation of methanol (POM) under sprays are investigated. Three different catalysts of Pt/Al2O3, h-BN-Pt/Al2O3, and h-BN-Pd/Al2O3 with ultra-low Pt and Pd contents (0.2 wt%) are utilized, and the influence of the O2-to-methanol molar (O2/C) ratio on POM is examined. It is found that POM can be triggered in cold start using the Pt/Al2O3 and h-BN-Pt/Al2O3, whereas the h-BN-Pd/Al2O3 needs to be preheated to drive POM. Increasing the O2/C ratio raises the reaction temperature. The maximum H2 yield is always located at O2/C = 0.6, which stands for the transition point of the chemical reaction dominated by partial oxidation to combustion. Once the O2/C ratio is 0.7, almost all methanol is consumed in three catalysts. Overall, the H2 production under the aids of the catalysts is characterized by h-BN-Pt/Al2O3 > Pt/Al2O3 > h-BN-Pd/Al2O3, revealing the better performance of Pt than Pd. The thermodynamic analysis indicates that the theoretical H2 yield declines with rising the O2/C ratio, whereas the measurements suggest that the H2 production increases. For the h-BN-Pt/Al2O3 catalyst, its maximum performance, namely, the ratio of the experimental H2 yield to the theoretical one, develops at O2/C = 0.8 where the value is beyond 99%. However, the maximum H2 yield of 1.66 mol (mol methanol)−1, corresponding to the performance of 91.3%, is located at O2/C = 0.6 which is recommended for operation. The obtained results and findings can provide useful insights into the application of POM for hydrogen production in industry.

AB - The hydrogen production performances of the partial oxidation of methanol (POM) under sprays are investigated. Three different catalysts of Pt/Al2O3, h-BN-Pt/Al2O3, and h-BN-Pd/Al2O3 with ultra-low Pt and Pd contents (0.2 wt%) are utilized, and the influence of the O2-to-methanol molar (O2/C) ratio on POM is examined. It is found that POM can be triggered in cold start using the Pt/Al2O3 and h-BN-Pt/Al2O3, whereas the h-BN-Pd/Al2O3 needs to be preheated to drive POM. Increasing the O2/C ratio raises the reaction temperature. The maximum H2 yield is always located at O2/C = 0.6, which stands for the transition point of the chemical reaction dominated by partial oxidation to combustion. Once the O2/C ratio is 0.7, almost all methanol is consumed in three catalysts. Overall, the H2 production under the aids of the catalysts is characterized by h-BN-Pt/Al2O3 > Pt/Al2O3 > h-BN-Pd/Al2O3, revealing the better performance of Pt than Pd. The thermodynamic analysis indicates that the theoretical H2 yield declines with rising the O2/C ratio, whereas the measurements suggest that the H2 production increases. For the h-BN-Pt/Al2O3 catalyst, its maximum performance, namely, the ratio of the experimental H2 yield to the theoretical one, develops at O2/C = 0.8 where the value is beyond 99%. However, the maximum H2 yield of 1.66 mol (mol methanol)−1, corresponding to the performance of 91.3%, is located at O2/C = 0.6 which is recommended for operation. The obtained results and findings can provide useful insights into the application of POM for hydrogen production in industry.

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