Incorporating Simplified Fournier's Gangrene Severity Index with early surgical intervention can maximize survival in high-risk Fournier's gangrene patients

研究成果: Article

1 引文 (Scopus)

摘要

Objectives: To determine the optimal surgical timing in high-risk patients with Fournier's gangrene by the Simplified Fournier's Gangrene Severity Index. Methods: From 1989 to 2018, 118 male patients diagnosed with Fournier's gangrene with complete medical records were retrospectively reviewed. Patients’ demographics, laboratory parameters at initial diagnosis, Fournier's Gangrene Severity Index and Simplified Fournier's Gangrene Severity Index, and the time interval from emergency room arrival to surgical intervention were collected. The Fournier's gangrene patients were categorized into low-risk (Simplified Fournier's Gangrene Severity Index ≤2) and high-risk groups (Simplified Fournier's Gangrene Severity Index >2). Differences between the variables within the two groups were analyzed. The optimal surgical timing was analyzed with the receiver operating characteristic curve in high-risk Fournier's gangrene patients. Results: The overall mortality of 118 Fournier's gangrene patients was 14.4%. After risk stratification with the Simplified Fournier's Gangrene Severity Index scoring system, the mortality of low-risk and high-risk Fournier's gangrene patients was 1.3% and 41.0%, respectively. In the high-risk group, the time interval from emergency room arrival to surgical intervention was the only variable with a significant difference between survivors and non-survivors (P = 0.039). The optimal surgical timing was determined at 14.35 h, which allowed the highest sensitivity (0.688) and specificity (0.762) to affect mortality. The mortality was significantly lower in high-risk Fournier's gangrene patients with early surgical intervention compared with late intervention (23.8% vs 68.8%, P = 0.007). Conclusions: The Simplified Fournier's Gangrene Severity Index is a quick and reliable screening tool for first-line physicians to identify high-risk patients with Fournier's gangrene (Simplified Fournier's Gangrene Severity Index >2) who have poor survival outcomes. We recommended early surgical intervention within 14.35 h to maximize the survival of high-risk Fournier's gangrene patients.

原文English
頁(從 - 到)737-743
頁數7
期刊International Journal of Urology
26
發行號7
DOIs
出版狀態Published - 2019 七月 1

指紋

Fournier Gangrene
Survival
Mortality
Hospital Emergency Service

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Urology

引用此文

@article{b4666707590a45bba806d609295b3537,
title = "Incorporating Simplified Fournier's Gangrene Severity Index with early surgical intervention can maximize survival in high-risk Fournier's gangrene patients",
abstract = "Objectives: To determine the optimal surgical timing in high-risk patients with Fournier's gangrene by the Simplified Fournier's Gangrene Severity Index. Methods: From 1989 to 2018, 118 male patients diagnosed with Fournier's gangrene with complete medical records were retrospectively reviewed. Patients’ demographics, laboratory parameters at initial diagnosis, Fournier's Gangrene Severity Index and Simplified Fournier's Gangrene Severity Index, and the time interval from emergency room arrival to surgical intervention were collected. The Fournier's gangrene patients were categorized into low-risk (Simplified Fournier's Gangrene Severity Index ≤2) and high-risk groups (Simplified Fournier's Gangrene Severity Index >2). Differences between the variables within the two groups were analyzed. The optimal surgical timing was analyzed with the receiver operating characteristic curve in high-risk Fournier's gangrene patients. Results: The overall mortality of 118 Fournier's gangrene patients was 14.4{\%}. After risk stratification with the Simplified Fournier's Gangrene Severity Index scoring system, the mortality of low-risk and high-risk Fournier's gangrene patients was 1.3{\%} and 41.0{\%}, respectively. In the high-risk group, the time interval from emergency room arrival to surgical intervention was the only variable with a significant difference between survivors and non-survivors (P = 0.039). The optimal surgical timing was determined at 14.35 h, which allowed the highest sensitivity (0.688) and specificity (0.762) to affect mortality. The mortality was significantly lower in high-risk Fournier's gangrene patients with early surgical intervention compared with late intervention (23.8{\%} vs 68.8{\%}, P = 0.007). Conclusions: The Simplified Fournier's Gangrene Severity Index is a quick and reliable screening tool for first-line physicians to identify high-risk patients with Fournier's gangrene (Simplified Fournier's Gangrene Severity Index >2) who have poor survival outcomes. We recommended early surgical intervention within 14.35 h to maximize the survival of high-risk Fournier's gangrene patients.",
author = "Tsung-Yen Lin and Cheng, {I. Hung} and Jiann-Hui Ou and Yuh-Shyan Tsai and Yat-Ching Tong and Hong-Lin Cheng and Wen-Horng Yang and YungMing Lin and Yu-Sheng Cheng",
year = "2019",
month = "7",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1111/iju.13989",
language = "English",
volume = "26",
pages = "737--743",
journal = "International Journal of Urology",
issn = "0919-8172",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",
number = "7",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Incorporating Simplified Fournier's Gangrene Severity Index with early surgical intervention can maximize survival in high-risk Fournier's gangrene patients

AU - Lin, Tsung-Yen

AU - Cheng, I. Hung

AU - Ou, Jiann-Hui

AU - Tsai, Yuh-Shyan

AU - Tong, Yat-Ching

AU - Cheng, Hong-Lin

AU - Yang, Wen-Horng

AU - Lin, YungMing

AU - Cheng, Yu-Sheng

PY - 2019/7/1

Y1 - 2019/7/1

N2 - Objectives: To determine the optimal surgical timing in high-risk patients with Fournier's gangrene by the Simplified Fournier's Gangrene Severity Index. Methods: From 1989 to 2018, 118 male patients diagnosed with Fournier's gangrene with complete medical records were retrospectively reviewed. Patients’ demographics, laboratory parameters at initial diagnosis, Fournier's Gangrene Severity Index and Simplified Fournier's Gangrene Severity Index, and the time interval from emergency room arrival to surgical intervention were collected. The Fournier's gangrene patients were categorized into low-risk (Simplified Fournier's Gangrene Severity Index ≤2) and high-risk groups (Simplified Fournier's Gangrene Severity Index >2). Differences between the variables within the two groups were analyzed. The optimal surgical timing was analyzed with the receiver operating characteristic curve in high-risk Fournier's gangrene patients. Results: The overall mortality of 118 Fournier's gangrene patients was 14.4%. After risk stratification with the Simplified Fournier's Gangrene Severity Index scoring system, the mortality of low-risk and high-risk Fournier's gangrene patients was 1.3% and 41.0%, respectively. In the high-risk group, the time interval from emergency room arrival to surgical intervention was the only variable with a significant difference between survivors and non-survivors (P = 0.039). The optimal surgical timing was determined at 14.35 h, which allowed the highest sensitivity (0.688) and specificity (0.762) to affect mortality. The mortality was significantly lower in high-risk Fournier's gangrene patients with early surgical intervention compared with late intervention (23.8% vs 68.8%, P = 0.007). Conclusions: The Simplified Fournier's Gangrene Severity Index is a quick and reliable screening tool for first-line physicians to identify high-risk patients with Fournier's gangrene (Simplified Fournier's Gangrene Severity Index >2) who have poor survival outcomes. We recommended early surgical intervention within 14.35 h to maximize the survival of high-risk Fournier's gangrene patients.

AB - Objectives: To determine the optimal surgical timing in high-risk patients with Fournier's gangrene by the Simplified Fournier's Gangrene Severity Index. Methods: From 1989 to 2018, 118 male patients diagnosed with Fournier's gangrene with complete medical records were retrospectively reviewed. Patients’ demographics, laboratory parameters at initial diagnosis, Fournier's Gangrene Severity Index and Simplified Fournier's Gangrene Severity Index, and the time interval from emergency room arrival to surgical intervention were collected. The Fournier's gangrene patients were categorized into low-risk (Simplified Fournier's Gangrene Severity Index ≤2) and high-risk groups (Simplified Fournier's Gangrene Severity Index >2). Differences between the variables within the two groups were analyzed. The optimal surgical timing was analyzed with the receiver operating characteristic curve in high-risk Fournier's gangrene patients. Results: The overall mortality of 118 Fournier's gangrene patients was 14.4%. After risk stratification with the Simplified Fournier's Gangrene Severity Index scoring system, the mortality of low-risk and high-risk Fournier's gangrene patients was 1.3% and 41.0%, respectively. In the high-risk group, the time interval from emergency room arrival to surgical intervention was the only variable with a significant difference between survivors and non-survivors (P = 0.039). The optimal surgical timing was determined at 14.35 h, which allowed the highest sensitivity (0.688) and specificity (0.762) to affect mortality. The mortality was significantly lower in high-risk Fournier's gangrene patients with early surgical intervention compared with late intervention (23.8% vs 68.8%, P = 0.007). Conclusions: The Simplified Fournier's Gangrene Severity Index is a quick and reliable screening tool for first-line physicians to identify high-risk patients with Fournier's gangrene (Simplified Fournier's Gangrene Severity Index >2) who have poor survival outcomes. We recommended early surgical intervention within 14.35 h to maximize the survival of high-risk Fournier's gangrene patients.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85064593403&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85064593403&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1111/iju.13989

DO - 10.1111/iju.13989

M3 - Article

VL - 26

SP - 737

EP - 743

JO - International Journal of Urology

JF - International Journal of Urology

SN - 0919-8172

IS - 7

ER -