Strategies for enhancing performance of anaerobic digestion (AD) process has been widely studied. The bioelectrochemical system (BES), including microbial fuel cell, microbial electrolysis cell (MEC), microbial desalination cell, and microbial electrosynthesis, had been proposed to integrate with AD for performance enhancement. This mini-review summarizes the current researches that integrated AD with BES to enhance the performance of the former. The working principles of BES were introduced. The integrated configurations of AD-BES as well as the associated applications were summarized. The statistics analysis for AD-MEC performances reported in literature were then performed to confirm the effects of reactor size and applied voltage on the methane productivity and enhancement. The challenges and prospects of the integrated AD-BES were delineated, and the potential scenarios of applying integrated AD-BES in field were discussed.
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