Interleukin-17A/F1 from Japanese pufferfish (Takifugu rubripes) stimulates the immune response in head kidney and intestinal cells

Yoshie Takahashi, Yo Okamura, Natsuki Morimoto, Koshin Mihara, Shun Maekawa, Han Ching Wang, Takashi Aoki, Tomoya Kono, Masahiro Sakai, Jun ichi Hikima

研究成果: Article同行評審

11 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)


In mammals, interleukin (IL)-17A and IL-17F, mainly produced by Th17 cells, are hallmark inflammatory cytokines that play important roles in the intestinal mucosal immune response. In contrast, three mammalian IL-17A and IL-17F counterparts (IL-17A/F1-3) have been identified in teleosts, and most of their functions have been described in the lymphoid organs. However, their function in the intestinal mucosal immune response is poorly understood. In this study, a recombinant (r) tiger puffer fish fugu (Takifugu rubripes) IL-17A/F1 was produced and purified using a mammalian expression system, and was used to stimulate cells isolated from fugu head kidney and intestines. The gene expression levels of TNF-α, IL-1β, IL-6, and β-defensin-like protein-1 (BD-1) genes were evaluated at 0, 3, 6 and 12 h post-stimulation (hps). Phagocytic activity and superoxide anion production were evaluated at the same time points using an NBT assay. The rIL-17A/F1 protein was shown to induce the expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines and antimicrobial peptides in both head kidney and intestinal cells. Expression levels for IL-1β, TNF-α, and IL-6 were all up-regulated between 3 and 12 hps. In addition, stimulation with rIL-17A/F1 enhanced phagocytic activity at 24 hps. Superoxide anion production was increased at 48 hps in the head kidney cells and moderately increased at 48 hps in intestinal cells. This study suggests that fugu IL-17A/F1 plays an important role in promoting the innate immune response and may act as a bridge between innate and adaptive immunity in the head kidney and intestine.

頁(從 - 到)143-149
期刊Fish and Shellfish Immunology
出版狀態Published - 2020 8月

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 環境化學
  • 海洋科學


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