Intrathecal orphenadrine elicits spinal block in the rat

Yu Wen Chen, Jann Inn Tzeng, Yu Chung Chen, Ching Hsia Hung, Jhi Joung Wang

研究成果: Article同行評審

10 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

The purpose of this study was to estimate the local anesthetic effect of orphenadrine, an anti-muscarinic agent, in spinal anesthesia and its comparison with the local anesthetic lidocaine. After the rat was injected intrathecally, the spinal block of orphenadrine and lidocaine was constructed in a dosage-dependent fashion. The potency and duration of spinal anesthesia with orphenadrine were compared with that of lidocaine. Our data demonstrated that orphenadrine and lidocaine elicited dose-dependent spinal blockades on the motor function, sensory, and proprioception. On the 50% effective dose (ED50) basis, the ranks of potency in motor function, nociception, and proprioception were orphenadrine>lidocaine (P<0.01). At equipotent doses (ED25, ED50, ED75), the block duration elicited by orphenadrine was greater than that elicited by lidocaine (P<0.01). Orphenadrine, but not lidocaine, exhibited longer duration of nociceptive/sensory blockade than that of motor blockade at equipotent doses. Ineffective-dose orphenadrine as adjuvant did not enhance spinal anesthesia with lidocaine. The preclinical data revealed that orphenadrine with a more sensory-selective action over motor block exhibited more potent and longer spinal anesthesia when compared to lidocaine.

原文English
頁(從 - 到)125-130
頁數6
期刊European Journal of Pharmacology
742
DOIs
出版狀態Published - 2014 一月 1

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pharmacology

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