TY - JOUR

T1 - Intrinsic time gravity, heat kernel regularization, and emergence of Einstein's theory

AU - Ita, Eyo Eyo

AU - Soo, Chopin

AU - Yu, Hoi Lai

N1 - Publisher Copyright:
© 2020 IOP Publishing Ltd.
Copyright:
Copyright 2021 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.

PY - 2021/2/5

Y1 - 2021/2/5

N2 - The Hamiltonian of intrinsic time gravity is elucidated. The theory describes Schrödinger evolution of our universe with respect to the fractional change of the total spatial volume. Gravitational interactions are introduced by extending Klauder's momentric variable with similarity transformations, and explicit spatial diffeomorphism invariance is enforced via similarity transformation with exponentials of spatial integrals. In analogy with Yang-Mills theory, a Cotton-York term is obtained from the Chern-Simons functional of the affine connection. The essential difference is the fundamental variable for geometrodynamics is the metric rather than a gauge connection; in the case of Yang-Mills, there is also no analog of the integral of the spatial Ricci scalar curvature. Heat kernel regularization is employed to isolate the divergences of coincidence limits; apart from an additional Cotton-York term, a prescription in which Einstein's Ricci scalar potential emerges naturally from the positive-definite self-adjoint Hamiltonian of the theory is demonstrated.

AB - The Hamiltonian of intrinsic time gravity is elucidated. The theory describes Schrödinger evolution of our universe with respect to the fractional change of the total spatial volume. Gravitational interactions are introduced by extending Klauder's momentric variable with similarity transformations, and explicit spatial diffeomorphism invariance is enforced via similarity transformation with exponentials of spatial integrals. In analogy with Yang-Mills theory, a Cotton-York term is obtained from the Chern-Simons functional of the affine connection. The essential difference is the fundamental variable for geometrodynamics is the metric rather than a gauge connection; in the case of Yang-Mills, there is also no analog of the integral of the spatial Ricci scalar curvature. Heat kernel regularization is employed to isolate the divergences of coincidence limits; apart from an additional Cotton-York term, a prescription in which Einstein's Ricci scalar potential emerges naturally from the positive-definite self-adjoint Hamiltonian of the theory is demonstrated.

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U2 - 10.1088/1361-6382/abcb0e

DO - 10.1088/1361-6382/abcb0e

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85099064801

VL - 38

JO - Classical and Quantum Gravity

JF - Classical and Quantum Gravity

SN - 0264-9381

IS - 3

M1 - 035007

ER -