Background/Purpose: Cytomegalovirus (CMV) viremia is associated with a higher mortality rate and prolonged intensive care unit (ICU) stay for critically ill patients. CMV infection causes transient but substantial immunosuppression for transplant recipients, increasing risk of fungal infection. The association between CMV viremia and invasive pulmonary aspergillosis (IPA) for critically ill patients is still unknown. Methods: We retrospectively analyzed patients received bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL), galactomannan test, influenza survey and blood CMV viral load test in ICUs of a university hospital between April 2017 and May 2020. Independent risks for IPA were analyzed by multivariable logistic regression. Results: A total of 136 patients were included. Twenty-one patients had IPA, 48 patients had CMV viremia and 22 patients had influenza. In a multivariable logistic regression model, patients with CMV viremia or influenza had higher IPA risk (adjusted odds ratio, 3.98 and 8.72; 95% CI, 1.26–12.60 and 2.64–28.82; p value = 0.019 and <0.001, respectively.). Patients with detectable CMV in BAL fluid did not have higher IPA risk (crude odds ratio, 0.95; 95% CI, 0.33–2.79; p value = 0.933). After stratifying patients by CMV viral load, the IPA risk is higher for patients with higher viral loads. There is an additive synergistic effect on IPA risk between CMV viremia and influenza infection. Conclusion: For critically ill patients, CMV viremia is an independent risk factor of IPA. Patients with higher blood CMV viral loads have a higher risk of IPA. CMV viremia and influenza have an additive synergistic effect for IPA risk in critically ill patients.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- 免疫學與微生物學 (全部)