Is delayed fixation worthwhile in patients with long bone fracture concomitant with mild traumatic brain injury? A propensity score–matched study

研究成果: Article同行評審

摘要

Introduction: Early definite treatment for orthopedic patients is strongly advocated. However, a consensus has not been reached on the optimal timing of long bone fracture fixation for patients with associated mild traumatic brain injury (TBI). Surgeons lack evidence on the basis on which they should decide on the operation timing. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the data of patients with mild TBI and lower extremity long bone fractures from 2010 to 2020. The patients receiving internal fixation within and after 24 h were defined as the early- and delayed-fixation groups. We compared the discharge Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) scores, lengths of stay, and in-hospital complications. Propensity score matching (PSM) with multiple adjusted variables and a 1:1 matching ratio was applied to reduce selection bias. Results: In total, 181 patients were enrolled; 78 (43.1%) and 103 (56.9%) patients received early and delayed fracture fixation, respectively. After matching, each group had 61 participants and were statistically identical. The delayed group did not have better discharge GCS scores (early vs. delayed: 15.0 ± 0 vs. 15.0 ± 0.1; p = 0.158). The groups did not differ in their lengths of hospital stay (15.3 ± 10.6 vs. 14.8 ± 7.9; p = 0.789), intensive care unit stay (2.7 ± 4.3 vs. 2.7 ± 3.8; p = 0.947), or incidence of complications (23.0% vs. 16.4%; p = 0.494). Conclusions: Delayed fixation for patients with lower extremity long bone fractures concurrent with mild TBI does not result in fewer complications or improved neurologic outcomes compared with early fixation. Delaying fixation may not be necessary to prevent the second hit phenomenon and has not demonstrated any clear benefits.

原文English
文章編號110804
期刊Injury
54
發行號7
DOIs
出版狀態Published - 2023 7月

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 急診醫學
  • 骨科和運動醫學

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