Joint-articulating surface motion

Kenton R. Kaufman, Kai Nan An

研究成果: Chapter

摘要

Knowledge of joint-articulating surface motion is essential for design of prosthetic devices to restore function; assessment of joint wear, stability, and degeneration; and determination of proper diagnosis and surgical treatment of joint disease. In general, kinematic analysis of human movement can be arranged into two separate categories, (1) gross movement of the limb segments interconnected by joints, or (2) detailed analysis of joint articulating surface motion which is described in this chapter. Gross movement is the relative three-dimensional joint rotation as described by adopting the Eulerian angle system. Movement of this type is described in Chapter 5: Analysis of Gait. In general, the three-dimensional unconstrained rotation and translation of an articulating joint can be described utilizing the concept of the screw displacement axis. The most commonly used analytic method for the description of 6-degree-of-freedom displacement of a rigid body is the screw displacement axis (Kinzel et al., 1972; Spoor and Veldpaus, 1980; Woltring et al., 1985).

原文English
主出版物標題Biomechanics
主出版物子標題Principles and Practices
發行者CRC Press
頁面3-1-3-44
ISBN(電子)9781439870990
ISBN(列印)9781439870983
DOIs
出版狀態Published - 2014 一月 1

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 醫藥 (全部)
  • 生物化學、遺傳與分子生物學 (全部)
  • 工程 (全部)

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