Latent transforming growth factor-β binding proteins (LTBP-1 and LTBP-2) and gingiva keratinization

M. S. Chiang, J. R. Yang, S. C. Liao, C. C. Hsu, C. W. Hsu, Kuo Yuan

研究成果: Article

摘要

Objective: Transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-β) proteins are involved in epithelial keratinization. The major function of latent TGF-β binding proteins (LTBPs) is modulating TGF-β activity. However, whether LTBP-1 and LTBP-2 play roles in gingiva keratinization remains unclear. Materials and Methods: Human keratinized gingiva and non-keratinized alveolar mucosa were processed for LTBP-1, LTBP-2, cytokeratin-1 (K1), cytokeratin-4 (K4), and TGF-β immunohistochemical (IHC) staining. Porcine heterotopically transplanted connective tissues and newly grown epithelia were harvested for IHC staining. The expression levels of LTBP-1 and LTBP-2 were compared between differentiated and undifferentiated human normal oral keratinocytes (hNOK). The expression of LTBP-1 and LTBP-2 was knocked down in a cell line (OEC-M1) to evaluate the effects on the expression of K1, K4, and involucrin (INV). Results: In human and porcine specimens, LTBP-2 expression patterns distinguished keratinized and non-keratinized oral epithelia. Western blotting results showed that K1, LTBP-1, and INV proteins were upregulated in differentiated hNOK. In OEC-M1 cells, LTBP-2 knockdown resulted in upregulated the expression of K1 and INV and downregulated the expression of K4. LTBP-1 knockdown resulted in opposite effects. Conclusion: The expression patterns of LTBP-2 differ in keratinized gingiva and non-keratinized mucosa. LTBP-1 and LTBP-2 are involved in the keratinization of oral epithelium; however, the underlying mechanism remains to be elucidated.

原文English
頁(從 - 到)762-769
頁數8
期刊Oral Diseases
21
發行號6
DOIs
出版狀態Published - 2015 九月 1

指紋

Gingiva
Transforming Growth Factors
Carrier Proteins
Keratin-4
Transforming Growth Factor beta
Epithelium
Keratinocytes
Keratin-2
Mucous Membrane
Swine
Staining and Labeling
Connective Tissue

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Otorhinolaryngology
  • Dentistry(all)

引用此文

Chiang, M. S. ; Yang, J. R. ; Liao, S. C. ; Hsu, C. C. ; Hsu, C. W. ; Yuan, Kuo. / Latent transforming growth factor-β binding proteins (LTBP-1 and LTBP-2) and gingiva keratinization. 於: Oral Diseases. 2015 ; 卷 21, 編號 6. 頁 762-769.
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abstract = "Objective: Transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-β) proteins are involved in epithelial keratinization. The major function of latent TGF-β binding proteins (LTBPs) is modulating TGF-β activity. However, whether LTBP-1 and LTBP-2 play roles in gingiva keratinization remains unclear. Materials and Methods: Human keratinized gingiva and non-keratinized alveolar mucosa were processed for LTBP-1, LTBP-2, cytokeratin-1 (K1), cytokeratin-4 (K4), and TGF-β immunohistochemical (IHC) staining. Porcine heterotopically transplanted connective tissues and newly grown epithelia were harvested for IHC staining. The expression levels of LTBP-1 and LTBP-2 were compared between differentiated and undifferentiated human normal oral keratinocytes (hNOK). The expression of LTBP-1 and LTBP-2 was knocked down in a cell line (OEC-M1) to evaluate the effects on the expression of K1, K4, and involucrin (INV). Results: In human and porcine specimens, LTBP-2 expression patterns distinguished keratinized and non-keratinized oral epithelia. Western blotting results showed that K1, LTBP-1, and INV proteins were upregulated in differentiated hNOK. In OEC-M1 cells, LTBP-2 knockdown resulted in upregulated the expression of K1 and INV and downregulated the expression of K4. LTBP-1 knockdown resulted in opposite effects. Conclusion: The expression patterns of LTBP-2 differ in keratinized gingiva and non-keratinized mucosa. LTBP-1 and LTBP-2 are involved in the keratinization of oral epithelium; however, the underlying mechanism remains to be elucidated.",
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Latent transforming growth factor-β binding proteins (LTBP-1 and LTBP-2) and gingiva keratinization. / Chiang, M. S.; Yang, J. R.; Liao, S. C.; Hsu, C. C.; Hsu, C. W.; Yuan, Kuo.

於: Oral Diseases, 卷 21, 編號 6, 01.09.2015, p. 762-769.

研究成果: Article

TY - JOUR

T1 - Latent transforming growth factor-β binding proteins (LTBP-1 and LTBP-2) and gingiva keratinization

AU - Chiang, M. S.

AU - Yang, J. R.

AU - Liao, S. C.

AU - Hsu, C. C.

AU - Hsu, C. W.

AU - Yuan, Kuo

PY - 2015/9/1

Y1 - 2015/9/1

N2 - Objective: Transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-β) proteins are involved in epithelial keratinization. The major function of latent TGF-β binding proteins (LTBPs) is modulating TGF-β activity. However, whether LTBP-1 and LTBP-2 play roles in gingiva keratinization remains unclear. Materials and Methods: Human keratinized gingiva and non-keratinized alveolar mucosa were processed for LTBP-1, LTBP-2, cytokeratin-1 (K1), cytokeratin-4 (K4), and TGF-β immunohistochemical (IHC) staining. Porcine heterotopically transplanted connective tissues and newly grown epithelia were harvested for IHC staining. The expression levels of LTBP-1 and LTBP-2 were compared between differentiated and undifferentiated human normal oral keratinocytes (hNOK). The expression of LTBP-1 and LTBP-2 was knocked down in a cell line (OEC-M1) to evaluate the effects on the expression of K1, K4, and involucrin (INV). Results: In human and porcine specimens, LTBP-2 expression patterns distinguished keratinized and non-keratinized oral epithelia. Western blotting results showed that K1, LTBP-1, and INV proteins were upregulated in differentiated hNOK. In OEC-M1 cells, LTBP-2 knockdown resulted in upregulated the expression of K1 and INV and downregulated the expression of K4. LTBP-1 knockdown resulted in opposite effects. Conclusion: The expression patterns of LTBP-2 differ in keratinized gingiva and non-keratinized mucosa. LTBP-1 and LTBP-2 are involved in the keratinization of oral epithelium; however, the underlying mechanism remains to be elucidated.

AB - Objective: Transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-β) proteins are involved in epithelial keratinization. The major function of latent TGF-β binding proteins (LTBPs) is modulating TGF-β activity. However, whether LTBP-1 and LTBP-2 play roles in gingiva keratinization remains unclear. Materials and Methods: Human keratinized gingiva and non-keratinized alveolar mucosa were processed for LTBP-1, LTBP-2, cytokeratin-1 (K1), cytokeratin-4 (K4), and TGF-β immunohistochemical (IHC) staining. Porcine heterotopically transplanted connective tissues and newly grown epithelia were harvested for IHC staining. The expression levels of LTBP-1 and LTBP-2 were compared between differentiated and undifferentiated human normal oral keratinocytes (hNOK). The expression of LTBP-1 and LTBP-2 was knocked down in a cell line (OEC-M1) to evaluate the effects on the expression of K1, K4, and involucrin (INV). Results: In human and porcine specimens, LTBP-2 expression patterns distinguished keratinized and non-keratinized oral epithelia. Western blotting results showed that K1, LTBP-1, and INV proteins were upregulated in differentiated hNOK. In OEC-M1 cells, LTBP-2 knockdown resulted in upregulated the expression of K1 and INV and downregulated the expression of K4. LTBP-1 knockdown resulted in opposite effects. Conclusion: The expression patterns of LTBP-2 differ in keratinized gingiva and non-keratinized mucosa. LTBP-1 and LTBP-2 are involved in the keratinization of oral epithelium; however, the underlying mechanism remains to be elucidated.

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