In plants, the position of lateral roots (LRs) depends on initiation sites induced by auxin. The domain of high auxin response responsible for LR initiation stretches over several cells, but only a pair of pericycle cells (LR founder cells) will develop into LRs. In this work, we identified a signaling cascade controlling LR formation through lateral inhibition. It comprises a peptide hormone TARGET OF LBD SIXTEEN 2 (TOLS2), its receptor RLK7, and a downstream transcription factor PUCHI. TOLS2 is expressed at the LR founder cells and inhibits LR initiation. Time-lapse imaging of auxin-responsive DR5:LUCIFERASE reporter expression revealed that occasionally two pairs of LR founder cells are specified in close proximity even in wild-type and that one of them exists only transiently and disappears in an RLK7-dependent manner. We propose that the selection of LR founder cells by the peptide hormone-receptor cascade ensures proper LR spacing.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- 生物化學、遺傳與分子生物學 (全部)