Lateral rotation of the lower extremity increases the distance between the femoral nerve and femoral artery: An ultrasonographic study

Hung Te Hsu, I. Chen Lu, Yin Lung Chang, Fu Yuan Wang, Yi Wei Kuo, Shun Li Chiu, Kuong Shing Chu

研究成果: Article同行評審

10 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

Femoral nerve block (FNB) is by far the most useful lower extremity regional anesthetic technique for the anesthesiologist, and high-resolution ultrasonography is a useful tool with which to guide the performance of FNB. However, the relationships between the femoral nerve and the femoral artery in different lower extremity positions have rarely been discussed. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the relative positions of the femoral nerve and artery at different lateral rotational angles of the lower extremities using ultrasonographic imaging. We enrolled 41 healthy volunteers in this study. Two-dimensional ultrasonographic images of the femoral nerve were obtained using an ultrasound unit, in the inguinal crease, for four positions of the bilateral lower extremities: 0°, 15°,. 30° and 45 lateral rotation of each extremity. The following assessments were made in each position: minimal skin-to-nerve distance (SN) and deviation of nerve-to-landmark (femoral artery pulsation) horizontal distance (NF). A trend towards lateral rotation of both lower extremities was identified. The Pearson correlation values between rotational degree to SN and rotational degree to NF were -0.216 and 0.430, with p values of 0.001 and less than 0.001, respectively. Body mass index had a good correlation (r = 0.76-0.78) with SN. The results of our ultrasound study revealed that the more lateral the rotation of both lower extremities, the closer the femoral nerve was to the skin and the farther away it was from the femoral artery. In order to increase the success rate and decrease the rate of complications, a suggested lateral 45° rotation of both lower extremities is strongly recommended when performing FNB using the peripheral nerve stimulator technique or the field block technique. In any situation, individual ultrasound guidance is recommended for FNB whenever possible.

原文English
頁(從 - 到)618-623
頁數6
期刊Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences
23
發行號12
DOIs
出版狀態Published - 2007 12月

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 醫藥 (全部)

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