Ligament stability of the metacarpophalangeal joint: A biomechanical study

Akio Minami, Kai Nan An, William P. Cooney, Ronald L. Linscheid, Edmund Y.S. Chao

研究成果: Article同行評審

57 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

Capsuloligamentous contributions to metacarpophalangeal joint stability were obtained from load-displacement tests on the joints of 15 human cadavers. The contribution of each ligament to joint stability was obtained by measuring the reduction of load that induced a given joint displacement after sequential ligamentous sectioning. Four modes of joint displacement were examined: distal distraction, dorsopalmar dislocation, abduction-adduction rotations, and supination-pronation rotations. This study demonstrated that both radial and ulnar collateral ligaments play primary roles in stabilizing the metacarpophalangeal joint in all four modes of joint displacement. The accessory collateral ligaments contribute primarily to abduction-adduction rotational stability, but contribute little to stabilizing dorsopalmar dislocation or axial (supinationpronation) rotations. The palmar plate prevents dorsal dislocation only at full extension. The dorsal capsule has a moderate contribution to stability in distraction and supination-pronation rotations.

原文English
頁(從 - 到)255-260
頁數6
期刊Journal of Hand Surgery
10
發行號2
DOIs
出版狀態Published - 1985

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 手術
  • 骨科和運動醫學

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