Lithium upregulates growth-associated protein-43 (GAP-43) and postsynaptic density-95 (PSD-95) in cultured neurons exposed to oxygen-glucose deprivation and improves electrophysiological outcomes in rats subjected to transient focal cerebral ischemia following a long-term recovery period

Shih Huang Tai, Sheng Yang Huang, Liang Chun Chao, Yu Wen Lin, Chien Chih Huang, Tian Shung Wu, Yan Shen Shan, Ai Hua Lee, E. Jian Lee

研究成果: Article同行評審

1 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

Objectives: Lithium has numerous neuroplastic and neuroprotective effects in patients with stroke. Here, we evaluated whether delayed and short-term lithium treatment reduces brain infarction volume and improves electrophysiological and neurobehavioral outcomes following long-term recovery after cerebral ischemia and the possible contributions of lithium-mediated mechanisms of neuroplasticity. Methods: Male Sprague Dawley rats were subjected to right middle cerebral artery occlusion for 90 min, followed by 28 days of recovery. Lithium chloride (1 mEq/kg) or vehicle was administered via intraperitoneal infusion once per day at 24 h after reperfusion onset. Neurobehavioral outcomes and somatosensory evoked potentials (SSEPs) were examined before and 28 days after ischemia-reperfusion. Brain infarction was assessed using Nissl staining. Primary cortical neuron cultures were exposed to oxygen-glucose deprivation (OGD) and treated with 2 or 20 μM lithium for 24 or 48 h; subsequent brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), growth-associated protein-43 (GAP-43), postsynaptic density-95 (PSD-95), and synaptosomal-associated protein-25 (SNAP-25) levels were analyzed using western blotting. Results: Compared to controls, lithium significantly reduced infarction volume in the ischemic brain and improved electrophysiological and neurobehavioral outcomes at 28 days post-insult. In cultured cortical neurons, BDNF, GAP-43, and PSD-95 expression were enhanced by 24- and 48-h treatment with lithium after OGD. Conclusion: Lithium upregulates BDNF, GAP-43, and PSD-95, which partly accounts for its improvement of neuroplasticity and provision of long-term neuroprotection in the ischemic brain. Abbreviations: BDNF: brain-derived neurotrophic factor; ECM: extracellular matrix; EDTA: ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid; GAP-43: growth-associated protein-43; GSK-3β: glycogen synthase kinase-3β; HBSS: Hank’s balanced salt solution; LCBF: local cortical blood perfusion; LDF: laser-Doppler flowmetry; MCAO: middle cerebral artery occlusion; MMP: matrix metalloproteinase; NMDA: N-methyl-D-aspartate; NMDAR: N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor; OCT: optimal cutting temperature compound; OGD: oxygen-glucose deprivation; PSD-95: postsynaptic density-95; SDS: sodium dodecyl sulfate; SNAP-25: synaptosomal-associated protein-25; SSEP: somatosensory evoked potential.

原文English
頁(從 - 到)870-878
頁數9
期刊Neurological Research
44
發行號10
DOIs
出版狀態Published - 2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 神經內科
  • 神經病學(臨床)

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