Owing to losing the detailed information, the low-resolution problem in face recognition degrades the recognition performance dramatically. To overcome this problem, a novel face-recognition system has been proposed, consisting of the extracted feature vectors from the multiple-size discrete cosine transforms (mDCTs) and the recognition mechanism with selective Gaussian mixture models (sGMMs). The mDCT could extract enough visual features from low-resolution face images while the sGMM could exclude unreliable observation features in recognition phase. Thus, the mDCT and the sGMM can greatly improve recognition rate at low-resolution conditions. Experiments are carried out on George Tech and AR facial databases in 16 × 16 and 12 × 12 pixels resolution. The results show that the proposed system achieves better performance than the existing methods for low-resolution face recognition.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes