The turbulence and concentration characteristics in the stabilization zone of a lifted jet flame with and without acoustic excitation are measured by a time-resolved Rayleigh scattering, a LDV, and a hot vire anemometry system together with other probes. Both amplification and suppression of the flow can be achieved by acoustic excitation. By careful comparison of the turbulence and concentration characteristics in the stabilization zone for the natural, amplification and suppression cases, it is found that the key parameters of lifted flame stabilization in the stabilization zone are the integral length scale, the F probability of the presence of a flammable premixture, and the G probability of the presence of a fluid with a temperature reaching the ignition temperature. Amplification excitation enhances the large-scale coherent vortices and the vortical entrainment, thus enhancing the length scale, the F probability, and the G probability of having a combustibltoe premixture in the stabilization zone. In this case, the flame shifts upstream to a higher gas speed location and restabilizes there. Suppression excitation shows the opposite results. Practical need calls for a new model capable of predicting the stabilization zone structure of excited lifted flames where the large length scale, the F and G probabilities are suggested to be important parameters.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Computational Mechanics
- Mechanics of Materials
- Physics and Astronomy(all)
- Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes