Mediating effect of social support on the relationship between illness concealment and depression symptoms in patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension

Hsin Yu Chao, Chih Hsin Hsu, Shan Tair Wang, Ching Yun Yu, Hsing Mei Chen

研究成果: Article同行評審

摘要

Background: Depression symptoms are common in patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). Social support may mediate the effect of illness concealment on depression symptoms. Objective: To examine the relationships between illness concealment, dimensions of social support, and depression symptoms and the mediating effect of the dimensions of social support on depression symptoms in PAH patients. Methods: A cross-sectional design and convenience sampling were applied. Data were collected with three questionnaires and analyzed with hierarchical regression and the PROCESS macro. Results: Ninety-seven participants were enrolled (mean age 50 ± 14 years). In total, 8% had a Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ)-9 score ≥15. Hierarchical regression analysis showed that education level (β = 0.28, p < 0.05), illness concealment (β = 0.21, p < 0.05), and emotional support (β = 0.29, p < 0.01) were determinants of depression symptoms. Emotional support mediated the relationship between illness concealment and depression symptoms. Conclusions: Emotional support can help patients reduce the effect of illness concealment on depression symptoms.

原文English
頁(從 - 到)706-713
頁數8
期刊Heart and Lung: Journal of Acute and Critical Care
50
發行號5
DOIs
出版狀態Published - 2021 九月 1

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 肺和呼吸系統醫學
  • 重症監護和重症監護醫學
  • 心臟病學與心血管醫學

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