Microstructure characterization and polymorphic transformation kinetic study of ball-milled nanocrystalline a-TiO2-20 mol% m-ZrO2 mixture by X-ray diffraction and electron microscopy

H. Dutta, Y. C. Lee, S. K. Pradhan

研究成果: Article同行評審

8 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

High-energy ball milling of anatase (a) TiO2 and 20 mol% monoclinic (m) ZrO2 mixture at different durations results in formation of nanocrystalline high-pressure srilankite (s) TiO2 polymorph at initial stage of milling. Formation of another rutile (r) TiO2 polymorph in nanocrystalline form is noticed in samples milled for longer duration in expense of s-TiO2 phase. Nanocrystalline cubic (c) ZrO2 is formed from m-ZrO2-a-TiO2 solid solution. Microstructure of the unmilled and ball-milled samples has been characterized by Rietveld's method of structure refinement of X-ray powder diffraction data and by direct observations using FE-SEM and HR-TEM. Particle size, rms lattice strain, change in lattice parameters and phase content of individual phases have been estimated from Rietveld's analysis. A comparative study of microstructure revealed from direct observations corroborates the findings of X-ray diffraction study in all respects. At higher milling time, nanocrystalline particles are heavily agglomerated and it becomes difficult to estimate the microstructure from such samples. It has been pointed out that the X-ray diffraction is a better method for microstructure characterization of heavily deformed nanocrystalline multiphase materials.

原文English
頁(從 - 到)17-27
頁數11
期刊Physica E: Low-Dimensional Systems and Nanostructures
36
發行號1
DOIs
出版狀態Published - 2007 1月

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 電子、光磁材料
  • 原子與分子物理與光學
  • 凝聚態物理學

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