Molecular characterization of multidrug-resistant non-typeable Haemophilus influenzae with high-level resistance to cefuroxime, levofloxacin, and trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole

Pei Yi Su, Wei Hung Cheng, Cheng Hsun Ho

研究成果: Article同行評審

摘要

Background: Non-typeable Haemophilus influenzae (NTHi) has become the major cause of invasive H. influenzae diseases in the post-H. influenzae type b vaccine era. The emergence of multidrug-resistant (MDR) NTHi is a growing public health problem. Herein, we investigated the molecular basis of MDR in NTHi. The isolated NTHi were subjected to antimicrobial susceptibility testing for 12 agents. Whole genome and plasmid sequencing were conducted and analyzed to identify significant genetic variations and plasmid-encoded genes conferred antibiotic resistance. Results: Thirteen (50%) MDR NTHi isolates were obtained; of these, 92.3% were non-susceptible to ampicillin, 30.8% to amoxicillin-clavulanate, 61.5% to cefuroxime, 61.5% to ciprofloxacin/levofloxacin, 92.3% to trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole, 30.8% to tetracycline, and 7.7% to azithromycin. Eight ampicillin-resistant isolates were β-lactamase positive; of these, 6 carried bla TEM-1 and 2 carried bla ROB-1, whereas 4 were β-lactamase negative. Genetic variations in mrdA, mepA, and pbpG were correlated with amoxicillin-clavulanate non-susceptibility, whereas variations in ftsI and lpoA conferred cefuroxime resistance. Five variations in gyrA, 2 in gyrB, 3 in parC, 1 in parE, and 1 in the parC-parE intergenic region were associated with levofloxacin/ciprofloxacin non-susceptibility. Among these genes, 8 variations were linked to high-level levofloxacin resistance. Six variations in folA were associated with trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole resistance. Plasmid-bearing tet(B) and mef(A) genes were responsible for tetracycline and azithromycin resistance in 4 and 1 MDR isolates, respectively. Conclusions: This study clarified the molecular epidemiology of MDR in NTHi. This can benefit the monitoring of drug resistance trends in NTHi and the adequate medical management of patients with NTHi infection.

原文English
文章編號178
期刊BMC microbiology
23
發行號1
DOIs
出版狀態Published - 2023 12月

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 微生物學
  • 微生物學(醫學)

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