Molecular markers are important in guiding treatment and predicting outcome in the genomic era. Meta-analysis of molecular markers in myelofibrosis through a search of PubMed and Medline through October 31, 2017 was performed. Markers with more than 3 studies that compared overall survival (OS) and leukemia-free survival (LFS) were analyzed. A total of 16 studies were included. Hazard ratios (HRs) for OS were as follows: IDH 2.65 (95% confidence interval [CI], 1.66-4.21), SRSF2 2.12 (95% CI, 1.18-3.79), high-risk myeloma 2.11 (95% CI, 1.70-2.61), ASXL1 1.92 (95% CI, 1.60-2.32), EZH2 1.88 (95% CI, 1.32-2.67), JAK2 1.41 (95% CI, 1.04-1.93) in the univariate analysis and 1.49 (95% CI, 0.42-5.30) in the multivariate analysis. LFS of JAK2 and SRSF2 had HRs of 1.81 (95% CI, 0.42-5.30) and 0.36 (95% CI, 0.02-6.48), respectively. In conclusion, mutations in IDH, SRSF2, and ASXL1 had worse prognosis in OS with HRs around 2. JAK2 and SRSF2 mutation were not associated with increased leukemia transformation. The adverse effect of triple-negative, which was often compared with CALR mutation, needs to be explored.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cancer Research