Mixed monolayers of stearic acid (SA) and octadecylamine (ODA) at the air/water interface were investigated in this article. The miscibility of the two compounds was evaluated by the measurement of surface pressure-area per molecule (π-A) isothems and the direct observation of Brewster angle microscopy (BAM) on the water surface. The two compounds were spread individually on the subphase (method 1) or premixed first in the spreading solvent and then cospread (method 2). The effect of spreading method on the miscibility of the two compounds was also studied. The results show that the mixed monolayers prepared by method 1 cannot get a well-mixed state. The isotherms of mixed monolayers preserve both characteristics of SA and ODA and exhibit two collapse points. The calculated excess surface area is very small. Besides, distinguished domains corresponding to those of pure SA and ODA can be inspected from the BAM images. Such results indicate that SA and ODA cannot get a well-mixed phase via 2-dimensional mixing. On the contrary, in the mixed monolyer prepared by cospreading, the two compounds exhibit high miscibility. In the π-A isotherms, the individual characteristics of SA and ODA disappear. The calculated excess area exhibits a highly positive deviation which indicates the existence of special interaction between the two compounds. The low compressibility of isotherm implies the highly rigid characteristic of the mixed monolayer. which was also sustained by the striplike collapse morphology observed from the BAM. The rigid characteristic of SA/ODA mixed monolayer was attributed to the formation of "catanionic surfactant" by electrostatic adsorption of headgroups of SA and ODA or to the formation of salt by acid-base reaction.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films
- Materials Chemistry