Muscarinic receptor-independent activation of cyclic adenosine monophosphate-dependent protein kinase in rostral ventrolateral medulla underlies the sympathoexcitatory phase of cardiovascular responses during mevinphos intoxication in the rat

Ching Yi Tsai, Carol H.Y. Wu, Samuel H.H. Chan, Ya-Wen Zhang

研究成果: Article同行評審

3 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

As inhibitors of acetylcholinesterase, clinical presentations of poisoning from organophosphate compounds are generally believed to entail overstimulation by the accumulated acetylcholine on muscarinic receptors at peripheral and central synapses. That some patients still yielded to acute organophosphate poisoning despite repeated dosing of atropine suggests that cellular mechanisms that are independent of muscarinic receptor activation may also be engaged in organophosphate poisoning. The present study was undertaken to test the hypothesis that muscarinic receptor-independent activation of cyclic adenosine monophosphate-dependent protein kinase A (PKA) in rostral ventrolateral medulla (RVLM), a medullary site where sympathetic vasomotor tone originates and where the organophosphate poison mevinphos (Mev) acts, is involved in the cardiovascular responses exhibited during organophosphate intoxication. In Sprague-Dawley rats, microinjection bilaterally of Mev (10 nmol) into the RVLM significantly augmented PKA activity in ventrolateral medulla that was not antagonized by coadministration of an equimolar concentration (1 nmol) of atropine or selective muscarinic receptor type M1 (pirenzepine), M2 (methoctramine), M3 (4-diphenyl-acetoxy-N-dimethylpiperidinium), or M4 (tropicamide) inhibitor. Comicroinjection of two selective PKA antagonists (100 pmol), N-[2-(p-bromocinnamylamino)ethyl]-5-isoquinolinesulfonamide and (9R,10S,12S)-2,3,9,10,11,12-hexahydro-10-hydroxy-9-methyl-1-oxo-9, 12-epoxy-1H-diindolol[1,2,3-fg:3′,2′,1′-kl]pyrrolo[3,4-1][1,6] benzodiazocine-10-carboxylic acid, significantly blunted the initial sympathoexcitatory cardiovascular response and the accompanying augmentation of nitric oxide synthase (NOS I) expression in the ventrolateral medulla exhibited during Mev intoxication; the secondary sympathoinhibitory phase and associated elevation in NOS II expression were unaffected. We conclude that whereas a muscarinic receptor-independent augmentation of PKA activity in the ventrolateral medulla was manifested throughout acute Mev intoxication, this activation was preferentially involved in the sympathoexcitatory phase by an upregulation of NOS I expression.

原文English
頁(從 - 到)559-564
頁數6
期刊Shock
27
發行號5
DOIs
出版狀態Published - 2007 五月 1

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 急診醫學
  • 重症監護和重症監護醫學

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