The performance of bilayer heterojunction, pentacene and perylene tetracarboxylic diimide organic solar cells (OSC) is dramatically enhanced by performing nanoimprinting on the hole transport layer in which poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene):poly(styrenesulfonate) (PEDOT:PSS) nanogratings are built. A standard OSC embeded with PEDOT:PSS gratings enables photocarriers to move toward electrodes. In particular, the visualization of morphologies for these heterojunction layers reveals pillar-like grains that are induced by the geometric effect of PEDOT:PSS gratings. Toghther with analyzing absorption and time-resolved photoluminescence spectra, a consistent correlation between OSC performance, photophysical data, and pillar-like morphology has been obtained for the device with imprinted PEDOT:PSS nanogratings.
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