Hexagonal SBA-15 mesoporous material was used as a catalytic template for impregnation, with the transition metals Fe, Co, and Ni as catalysts for chemical transformation. Nitrogen adsorption/desorption isotherms, scanning electron microscopy, and transmission electron microscopy were conducted to better understand the physicochemical properties of the metal oxide-impregnated SBA-15. The specific surface area of the original SBA-15 was approximately 680 m2/g, and the abundances of the catalysts impregnated ranged from 2 to 8%, corresponding to specific surface areas of 560–470 m2/g for Fe-SBA-15, 440–340 m2/g for Ni-SBA-15, and 410–340 m2/g for Co-SBA-15. The increase in impregnated metal loadings filled the pores and collapsed the silica walls during the metal oxides impregnation on SBA-15 and calcination procedures, resulting in a decrease in the specific surface area and pore volume of the templates. The results showed that the order of nitrogen adsorbed was SBA-15 > Fe-SBA-15 > Ni-SBA-15 > Co-SBA-15 when the metal loading was 5%. In addition, the metal oxides on SBA-15 increased the wall thickness compared with raw SBA-15. Based on the XRD spectrum analysis, Fe2O3, Co3O4, and NiO were the stable crystals on the Fe-SBA-15, Co-SBA-15, and Ni-SBA-15, respectively. The sequence of the average grain size of metal oxides on SBA-15 was Co-SBA-15 > Fe-SBA-15 > Ni-SBA-15, according to XRD spectra and Scherrer’s equation. Isopropanol could be decomposed by metal oxide-impregnated SBA-15 to form carbon filament materials. Therefore, these materials have the potential to be employed for pollutant removal, catalytic reactions for organic solvent and bio-oil/biomass reforming, and recycling waste into high-value materials.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- 化學工程 (全部)