Nonionic surfactant and temperature effects on the viscosity of hydrophobically modified hydroxyethyl cellulose (HMHEC) solutions are investigated experimentally. Weak shear thickening at intermediate shear rates takes place for HMHEC at moderate concentrations and becomes more significant at lower temperatures. While this amphiphilic polymer in surfactant-free solution does not turn turbid by heating to 95°C, its mixture with nonionic surfactant shows a lower cloud point temperature than does a pure surfactant solution. For some mixture cases, phase separation takes place at temperatures as low as 2°C. The drop of cloud point temperature is attributed to an additional attractive interaction between mixed micelles via chain bridging. With increasing temperature, the viscosity of an HMHEC-surfactant mixture in aqueous solution first decreases but then rises considerably until around the cloud point. The observed viscosity increase can be explained by the interchain association because of micellar aggregation.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films
- Materials Chemistry