Plane stress constitutive models are proposed for the nonlinear finite element analysis of reinforced concrete structures under monotonic loading. An elastic strain hardening plastic stress-strain relationship with a nonassociated flow rule is used to model concrete in the compression dominating region and an elastic brittle fracture behavior is assumed for concrete in the tension dominating area. After cracking takes place, the smeared cracked approach together with the rotating crack concept is employed. The steel is modeled by an idealized bilinear curve identical in tension and compressions. Via a layered approach, these material models are further extended to model the flexural behavior of reinforced concrete plates and shells. These material models have been tested against experimental data and good agreement has been obtained.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Civil and Structural Engineering
- Modelling and Simulation
- Materials Science(all)
- Mechanical Engineering
- Computer Science Applications