Purpose: Dysregulation of the phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K)/AKT/mTOR signaling pathway frequently accounts for the tumorigenesis in head and neck cancer. To develop anew treatment,we investigated the effect of a novel dual PI3K/mTOR inhibitor, NVP-BGT226 (BGT226), in head and neck cancer cells. Experimental Design: The in vitro antitumor effect of BGT226 was determined in various cancer cell lines. Animal models were also applied to examine drug potency. The inhibitory ability of BGT226 on the PI3K/AKT/mTOR signaling pathway was analyzed. Results: The growth inhibition assay revealed that BGT226 was active against all tested cancer cell lines. Cross-resistance was not observed in the cisplatin-resistant cell line. The activation of the AKT/mTOR signal cascade was suppressed by BGT226 in a concentration- and time-dependent manner. Flow cytometric analysis revealed an accumulation of cells in the G0-G1 phase with concomitant loss in the S-phase. Results of the terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated dUTP nick end labeling (TUNEL) assay and the analysis of caspase 3/7 and PARP indicated that BGT226 induced cancer cell death through an apoptosisindependent pathway. BGT226 induced autophagy as indicated by the aggregation and upregulation of the microtubule-associated protein light chain 3B-II, and p62 degradation. Gene silencing of Beclin1 or cotreatment of the autophagosome inhibitor, 3-methyladenine, inhibited the BGT226-induced autophagy and led to the retrieval of colony survival. In a xenografted animal model, BGT226 significantly delayed tumor growth in a dose-dependent manner, along with suppressed cytoplasmic expression of p-p70 S6 kinase and the presence of autophagosome formation. Conclusions: These data indicate that BGT226 is a potential drug in the treatment of head and neck cancer.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cancer Research