NR5A1 prevents centriole splitting by inhibiting centrosomal DNA-PK activation and β-catenin accumulation

Chia Yih Wang, Pao Yen Lai, Ting Yu Chen, Bon Chu Chung

研究成果: Article

7 引文 (Scopus)

摘要

Background: Adrenogonadal cell growth and differentiation are controlled by nuclear receptor NR5A1 (Ad4BP/SF-1) that regulates the expression of adrenal and gonadal genes. In addition, SF-1 also resides in the centrosome and controls centrosome homeostasis by restricting the activity of centrosomal DNA-PK and CDK2/cyclin A. Results: Here we show that SF-1 depletion resulted in centriole splitting and amplification due to aberrant activation of DNA-PK in the centrosome of mouse adrenocortical Y1 cells. In the absence of SF-1, GSK3β was aberrantly phosphorylated during G1 phase and β-catenin was accumulated in the centrosome, but not in the nucleus. DNA-PK inhibitor vanillin reversed these phenomena. SF-1 overexpression led to inhibition of centrosomal DNA-PK activation caused by SF-1 depletion. Both full-length SF-1 and truncated SF-1 devoid of its DNA-binding domain rescued the multiple centrosome phenotype caused by SF-1 depletion, indicating that the effect of SF-1 in the centrosome is not contributed by its DNA-binding domain. Furthermore, SF-1 interacted with cyclin A in the centrosome, but not in the nucleus. Depletion of SF-1 also resulted in centriole splitting, genomic instability and reduced growth of mouse testicular Leydig MA10 cells. Conclusion: Centrosomal DNA-PK signaling triggers the accumulation of β-catenin, leading to centrosome over-duplication and centriole splitting. This cascade of centrosomal events results in genomic instability and reduced cell numbers.

原文English
文章編號55
期刊Cell Communication and Signaling
12
發行號1
DOIs
出版狀態Published - 2014 一月 1

指紋

Centrioles
Catenins
Centrosome
Chemical activation
DNA
Cyclin A
Genomic Instability
Cell growth
Cytoplasmic and Nuclear Receptors
Leydig Cells
G1 Phase
Growth
Amplification
Genes
Cell Differentiation
Homeostasis
Cell Count
Phenotype

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

引用此文

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abstract = "Background: Adrenogonadal cell growth and differentiation are controlled by nuclear receptor NR5A1 (Ad4BP/SF-1) that regulates the expression of adrenal and gonadal genes. In addition, SF-1 also resides in the centrosome and controls centrosome homeostasis by restricting the activity of centrosomal DNA-PK and CDK2/cyclin A. Results: Here we show that SF-1 depletion resulted in centriole splitting and amplification due to aberrant activation of DNA-PK in the centrosome of mouse adrenocortical Y1 cells. In the absence of SF-1, GSK3β was aberrantly phosphorylated during G1 phase and β-catenin was accumulated in the centrosome, but not in the nucleus. DNA-PK inhibitor vanillin reversed these phenomena. SF-1 overexpression led to inhibition of centrosomal DNA-PK activation caused by SF-1 depletion. Both full-length SF-1 and truncated SF-1 devoid of its DNA-binding domain rescued the multiple centrosome phenotype caused by SF-1 depletion, indicating that the effect of SF-1 in the centrosome is not contributed by its DNA-binding domain. Furthermore, SF-1 interacted with cyclin A in the centrosome, but not in the nucleus. Depletion of SF-1 also resulted in centriole splitting, genomic instability and reduced growth of mouse testicular Leydig MA10 cells. Conclusion: Centrosomal DNA-PK signaling triggers the accumulation of β-catenin, leading to centrosome over-duplication and centriole splitting. This cascade of centrosomal events results in genomic instability and reduced cell numbers.",
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NR5A1 prevents centriole splitting by inhibiting centrosomal DNA-PK activation and β-catenin accumulation. / Wang, Chia Yih; Lai, Pao Yen; Chen, Ting Yu; Chung, Bon Chu.

於: Cell Communication and Signaling, 卷 12, 編號 1, 55, 01.01.2014.

研究成果: Article

TY - JOUR

T1 - NR5A1 prevents centriole splitting by inhibiting centrosomal DNA-PK activation and β-catenin accumulation

AU - Wang, Chia Yih

AU - Lai, Pao Yen

AU - Chen, Ting Yu

AU - Chung, Bon Chu

PY - 2014/1/1

Y1 - 2014/1/1

N2 - Background: Adrenogonadal cell growth and differentiation are controlled by nuclear receptor NR5A1 (Ad4BP/SF-1) that regulates the expression of adrenal and gonadal genes. In addition, SF-1 also resides in the centrosome and controls centrosome homeostasis by restricting the activity of centrosomal DNA-PK and CDK2/cyclin A. Results: Here we show that SF-1 depletion resulted in centriole splitting and amplification due to aberrant activation of DNA-PK in the centrosome of mouse adrenocortical Y1 cells. In the absence of SF-1, GSK3β was aberrantly phosphorylated during G1 phase and β-catenin was accumulated in the centrosome, but not in the nucleus. DNA-PK inhibitor vanillin reversed these phenomena. SF-1 overexpression led to inhibition of centrosomal DNA-PK activation caused by SF-1 depletion. Both full-length SF-1 and truncated SF-1 devoid of its DNA-binding domain rescued the multiple centrosome phenotype caused by SF-1 depletion, indicating that the effect of SF-1 in the centrosome is not contributed by its DNA-binding domain. Furthermore, SF-1 interacted with cyclin A in the centrosome, but not in the nucleus. Depletion of SF-1 also resulted in centriole splitting, genomic instability and reduced growth of mouse testicular Leydig MA10 cells. Conclusion: Centrosomal DNA-PK signaling triggers the accumulation of β-catenin, leading to centrosome over-duplication and centriole splitting. This cascade of centrosomal events results in genomic instability and reduced cell numbers.

AB - Background: Adrenogonadal cell growth and differentiation are controlled by nuclear receptor NR5A1 (Ad4BP/SF-1) that regulates the expression of adrenal and gonadal genes. In addition, SF-1 also resides in the centrosome and controls centrosome homeostasis by restricting the activity of centrosomal DNA-PK and CDK2/cyclin A. Results: Here we show that SF-1 depletion resulted in centriole splitting and amplification due to aberrant activation of DNA-PK in the centrosome of mouse adrenocortical Y1 cells. In the absence of SF-1, GSK3β was aberrantly phosphorylated during G1 phase and β-catenin was accumulated in the centrosome, but not in the nucleus. DNA-PK inhibitor vanillin reversed these phenomena. SF-1 overexpression led to inhibition of centrosomal DNA-PK activation caused by SF-1 depletion. Both full-length SF-1 and truncated SF-1 devoid of its DNA-binding domain rescued the multiple centrosome phenotype caused by SF-1 depletion, indicating that the effect of SF-1 in the centrosome is not contributed by its DNA-binding domain. Furthermore, SF-1 interacted with cyclin A in the centrosome, but not in the nucleus. Depletion of SF-1 also resulted in centriole splitting, genomic instability and reduced growth of mouse testicular Leydig MA10 cells. Conclusion: Centrosomal DNA-PK signaling triggers the accumulation of β-catenin, leading to centrosome over-duplication and centriole splitting. This cascade of centrosomal events results in genomic instability and reduced cell numbers.

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