Sieverts' law has been extensively employed to evaluate hydrogen permeation rate across a hydrogen-permeable membrane based on the concept of continuous stirred tank reactor (CSTR). However, when the hydrogen permeation rate is high to a certain extent, concentration polarization will appear in a membrane tube which results in the deviation of hydrogen permeation rate from Sieverts' law. Under such a situation, the nature of mass transfer in a membrane tube is characterized by plug flow reactor (PFR) rather than CSTR. To figure out the feasibility of Sieverts' law, a two-dimensional numerical method is developed to simulate the phenomena of concentration polarization for hydrogen permeation in a Pd-based membrane tube. Four important parameters affecting hydrogen permeation are taken into account; they include the pressure difference, H 2 molar fraction in the influence, Reynolds number and membrane permeance. The predictions indicate that increasing pressure difference or membrane permeance facilitates H2 permeation rate; concentration polarization is thus triggered. Alternatively, when Reynolds number or H 2 molar fraction decreases along with a higher permeance, the deviation of PFR from CSTR grows, even though H2 permeation rate declines. From the obtained results, it is concluded that the H2 permeation rate can be predicted by Sieverts' law if the H2 permeation ratio is no larger than 30%.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
- Fuel Technology
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Energy Engineering and Power Technology