Occult aortic fistulation affects late outcome of ruptured descending thoracic aortic aneurysms after emergency thoracic endovascular aortic repair in patients with initial hematemesis/hemoptysis

研究成果: Article

1 引文 (Scopus)

摘要

Background: Although thoracic endovascular aneurysm repair (TEVAR) has been widely used as the first choice of emergency surgical procedure for ruptured descending thoracic aortic aneurysms (rDTAAs), the risk factors of adverse outcome have less been investigated. Purpose: To investigate the outcomes of patients undergoing TEVAR for rDTAA and to identified risk factors of worse prognoses. Materials and Methods: The surgical outcome of TEVAR for rDTAA in National Cheng Kung University Hospital was retrospectively analyzed. From February 2008 to December 2016, 27 patients were included, after excluding patients with traumatic aortic injury, infected aneurysm, esophageal malignancy-related aortoesophageal fistula or those in association with aortic dissection. Results: There were 5 (18.5%) 30-day mortalities, including 3 (11.1%) intraoperative deaths. Seven additional patients died during follow-up and the estimated survival rate at 1 year and 3 years was 61.3 ± 9.7% and 50.5 ± 10.6%, respectively. Among these patients with late mortality, five patients presented with hematemesis or hemoptysis preoperatively. Aortoesophageal fistula was confirmed in three patients by esophagogastroduodenoscopy presenting with hematemesis. These patients underwent subsequent open debridement along with esophagectomy after TEVAR and remained alive during follow-up. On the other hand, those with possible occult aortic fistulations that were not detected by endoscopic examinations and not surgically managed had worse late outcomes (P = 0.058). Conclusions: For patients with rDTAA having hematemesis or hemoptysis as part of the initial presentations, careful survey for possible aorta-related fistulation is important. Although definite diagnosis of fistulation might be difficult, surgical exploration for hematoma evacuation, adequate debridement, and repair of intraoperative identified fistulation should be advocated.

原文English
頁(從 - 到)50-57
頁數8
期刊Formosan Journal of Surgery
51
發行號2
DOIs
出版狀態Published - 2018 三月 1

指紋

Hematemesis
Thoracic Aortic Aneurysm
Hemoptysis
Emergencies
Thorax
Ruptured Aneurysm
Debridement
Fistula
Aneurysm
Digestive System Endoscopy
Infected Aneurysm
Esophagectomy
Mortality
Hematoma
Aorta
Dissection
Survival Rate

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Surgery

引用此文

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title = "Occult aortic fistulation affects late outcome of ruptured descending thoracic aortic aneurysms after emergency thoracic endovascular aortic repair in patients with initial hematemesis/hemoptysis",
abstract = "Background: Although thoracic endovascular aneurysm repair (TEVAR) has been widely used as the first choice of emergency surgical procedure for ruptured descending thoracic aortic aneurysms (rDTAAs), the risk factors of adverse outcome have less been investigated. Purpose: To investigate the outcomes of patients undergoing TEVAR for rDTAA and to identified risk factors of worse prognoses. Materials and Methods: The surgical outcome of TEVAR for rDTAA in National Cheng Kung University Hospital was retrospectively analyzed. From February 2008 to December 2016, 27 patients were included, after excluding patients with traumatic aortic injury, infected aneurysm, esophageal malignancy-related aortoesophageal fistula or those in association with aortic dissection. Results: There were 5 (18.5{\%}) 30-day mortalities, including 3 (11.1{\%}) intraoperative deaths. Seven additional patients died during follow-up and the estimated survival rate at 1 year and 3 years was 61.3 ± 9.7{\%} and 50.5 ± 10.6{\%}, respectively. Among these patients with late mortality, five patients presented with hematemesis or hemoptysis preoperatively. Aortoesophageal fistula was confirmed in three patients by esophagogastroduodenoscopy presenting with hematemesis. These patients underwent subsequent open debridement along with esophagectomy after TEVAR and remained alive during follow-up. On the other hand, those with possible occult aortic fistulations that were not detected by endoscopic examinations and not surgically managed had worse late outcomes (P = 0.058). Conclusions: For patients with rDTAA having hematemesis or hemoptysis as part of the initial presentations, careful survey for possible aorta-related fistulation is important. Although definite diagnosis of fistulation might be difficult, surgical exploration for hematoma evacuation, adequate debridement, and repair of intraoperative identified fistulation should be advocated.",
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T1 - Occult aortic fistulation affects late outcome of ruptured descending thoracic aortic aneurysms after emergency thoracic endovascular aortic repair in patients with initial hematemesis/hemoptysis

AU - Lin, Ting Wei

AU - Kan, Chung Dann

PY - 2018/3/1

Y1 - 2018/3/1

N2 - Background: Although thoracic endovascular aneurysm repair (TEVAR) has been widely used as the first choice of emergency surgical procedure for ruptured descending thoracic aortic aneurysms (rDTAAs), the risk factors of adverse outcome have less been investigated. Purpose: To investigate the outcomes of patients undergoing TEVAR for rDTAA and to identified risk factors of worse prognoses. Materials and Methods: The surgical outcome of TEVAR for rDTAA in National Cheng Kung University Hospital was retrospectively analyzed. From February 2008 to December 2016, 27 patients were included, after excluding patients with traumatic aortic injury, infected aneurysm, esophageal malignancy-related aortoesophageal fistula or those in association with aortic dissection. Results: There were 5 (18.5%) 30-day mortalities, including 3 (11.1%) intraoperative deaths. Seven additional patients died during follow-up and the estimated survival rate at 1 year and 3 years was 61.3 ± 9.7% and 50.5 ± 10.6%, respectively. Among these patients with late mortality, five patients presented with hematemesis or hemoptysis preoperatively. Aortoesophageal fistula was confirmed in three patients by esophagogastroduodenoscopy presenting with hematemesis. These patients underwent subsequent open debridement along with esophagectomy after TEVAR and remained alive during follow-up. On the other hand, those with possible occult aortic fistulations that were not detected by endoscopic examinations and not surgically managed had worse late outcomes (P = 0.058). Conclusions: For patients with rDTAA having hematemesis or hemoptysis as part of the initial presentations, careful survey for possible aorta-related fistulation is important. Although definite diagnosis of fistulation might be difficult, surgical exploration for hematoma evacuation, adequate debridement, and repair of intraoperative identified fistulation should be advocated.

AB - Background: Although thoracic endovascular aneurysm repair (TEVAR) has been widely used as the first choice of emergency surgical procedure for ruptured descending thoracic aortic aneurysms (rDTAAs), the risk factors of adverse outcome have less been investigated. Purpose: To investigate the outcomes of patients undergoing TEVAR for rDTAA and to identified risk factors of worse prognoses. Materials and Methods: The surgical outcome of TEVAR for rDTAA in National Cheng Kung University Hospital was retrospectively analyzed. From February 2008 to December 2016, 27 patients were included, after excluding patients with traumatic aortic injury, infected aneurysm, esophageal malignancy-related aortoesophageal fistula or those in association with aortic dissection. Results: There were 5 (18.5%) 30-day mortalities, including 3 (11.1%) intraoperative deaths. Seven additional patients died during follow-up and the estimated survival rate at 1 year and 3 years was 61.3 ± 9.7% and 50.5 ± 10.6%, respectively. Among these patients with late mortality, five patients presented with hematemesis or hemoptysis preoperatively. Aortoesophageal fistula was confirmed in three patients by esophagogastroduodenoscopy presenting with hematemesis. These patients underwent subsequent open debridement along with esophagectomy after TEVAR and remained alive during follow-up. On the other hand, those with possible occult aortic fistulations that were not detected by endoscopic examinations and not surgically managed had worse late outcomes (P = 0.058). Conclusions: For patients with rDTAA having hematemesis or hemoptysis as part of the initial presentations, careful survey for possible aorta-related fistulation is important. Although definite diagnosis of fistulation might be difficult, surgical exploration for hematoma evacuation, adequate debridement, and repair of intraoperative identified fistulation should be advocated.

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