On work function and characteristics of anomalous electrodeposited nickel-cobalt films

C. K. Chung, W. T. Chang, M. W. Liao

研究成果: Article同行評審

9 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)


The anomalous cobalt content in the electrodeposited nickel-cobalt (Ni-Co) alloy films significantly influenced by the current density was related to the variation of morphology and electron work function (EWF) of the films. The characteristics and EWF of Ni-Co films were investigated by scanning electron microscope with an attached energy dispersive X-ray spectrometer, X-ray diffraction, ultraviolet photoelectron spectroscopy (UPS) and Kelvin probe technique, respectively. As the current density increased from 1 to 20 ampere per square decimeter (A/dm2), the Co atomic concentration (at.%) in Ni-Co greatly decreased from 22.5 at.% to 13.2 at.% correspondingly. The surface morphology of film obtained at low current density became smoother than that at high current density. Both UPS and Kelvin probe results showed the same trend of EWF variation which increased with increasing current density from 1 to 10 A/dm2 and kept nearly unchanged at 10-20 A/dm2. The smooth Ni-Co film with low EWF could be achieved at low current density. In comparison, Kelvin probe operated at atmosphere ambient could be a good candidate for EWF measurement because of the lower cost and easier operation than UPS at ultra high vacuum.

頁(從 - 到)2075-2078
期刊Thin Solid Films
出版狀態Published - 2011 一月 31

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 電子、光磁材料
  • 表面和介面
  • 表面、塗料和薄膜
  • 金屬和合金
  • 材料化學


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