Optimization of food waste hydrothermal liquefaction by a two-step process in association with a double analysis

Wei Hsin Chen, Yu Ying Lin, Hsuan Cheng Liu, Saeid Baroutian

研究成果: Article同行評審

23 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

Bio-oil production from food waste, consisting of pineapple peel, banana peel, and watermelon peel, is investigated by a two-step process, namely, an alkaline pretreatment process with K2CO3 (10 wt% of the dry feedstock) followed by a hydrothermal liquefaction (HTL) process. Meanwhile, the Taguchi method is introduced to maximize the energy yield of the two-step process. Four parameters in the Taguchi approach are taken into account; they are the pretreatment temperature and time as well as the liquefaction temperature and holding time. The optimal combination of the four parameters gives the highest energy yield of 56.55%. The higher heating value of the bio-oil is 25.12 MJ/kg, yielding a 45.88% improvement when compared to the HHV of the dry-basis feedstock. A double analysis, namely, the Taguchi approach and analysis of variance (ANOVA), suggests that the liquefaction temperature plays the most influential role in the energy yield, and a strong linear relationship (R2 ≈ 0.99) is exhibited between the effect in the Taguchi approach and the F value in ANOVA. The experiments of thermogravimetric analysis coupled with Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy indicate that the composition of the bio-oil from the optimal operation is more uniform.

原文English
文章編號117438
期刊Energy
199
DOIs
出版狀態Published - 2020 5月 15

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 土木與結構工程
  • 建築與營造
  • 建模與模擬
  • 可再生能源、永續發展與環境
  • 燃料技術
  • 能源工程與電力技術
  • 污染
  • 能源(全部)
  • 機械工業
  • 工業與製造工程
  • 管理、監督、政策法律
  • 電氣與電子工程

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