Overexpression of interleukin-20 correlates with favourable prognosis in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma

Yi sian Lu, Po min Chiang, Yi ching Huang, Shiang jie Yang, Liang yi Hung, L. Jeffrey medeiros, Ya ping Chen, Tsai yun Chen, Ming shi Chang, Kung chao Chang

研究成果: Article同行評審


Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) is the most common type of lymphoma worldwide, accounting for about 40% of cases. The role of cytokines in the pathogenesis of lymphomas has been rarely addressed, although cytokines have a close immunological relationship with lymphocytes. We observed overexpression of interleukin (IL)-20 in reactive germinal centres (GCs) leading us to hypothesise that IL-20 may play a role in lymphomagenesis. In this study, we surveyed for IL-20 expression in various types of lymphoma and found that IL-20 was expressed most frequently in follicular lymphoma (94%), but also in Burkitt lymphoma (81%), mantle cell lymphoma (57%), nodal marginal zone lymphoma (56%), Hodgkin lymphomas (50%), small lymphocytic lymphoma (50%) and diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL, 48%). IL-20 was not expressed in extranodal marginal zone lymphoma of mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT lymphoma), lymphoplasmacytic lymphoma, and plasmacytoma. T-cell lymphomas were largely negative for IL-20 expression, except for anaplastic large cell lymphoma (ALCL, 61%), which frequently expressed IL-20, especially in cutaneous ALCL, and showed an inverse association with ALK expression (p=0.024). We further tested IL-20 expression in another large cohort of DLBCL and found IL-20 expression more frequently in germinal centre B-cell (GCB) than in non-GCB subtype [16/26 (62%) versus 24/64 (38%), p=0.038]. In this cohort, IL-20 was associated with a lower rate of extranodal involvement (p=0.009), bone marrow involvement (p=0.040), and better overall survival (p=0.020). Mechanistically, IL-20 overexpression promoted G1 cell cycle arrest and subsequent apoptosis of DLBCL cells and vice versa in vitro. We conclude that IL-20 may be involved in lymphomagenesis and may be useful as a prognostic marker in patients with DLBCL. In addition, IL-20 plays an inhibitory role in DLBCL growth, probably through cell cycle regulation.

頁(從 - 到)94-103
出版狀態Published - 2023 2月

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 病理學與法醫學


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