Pan-cancer analysis reveals common and specific relationships between intragenic mirnas and their host genes

Baohong Liu, Yu Shyr, Qi Liu

研究成果: Article同行評審

摘要

MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small endogenous non-coding RNAs that play important roles in regulating gene expression. Most miRNAs are located within or close to genes (host). miRNAs and their host genes have either coordinated or independent transcription. We performed a comprehensive investigation on co-transcriptional patterns of miRNAs and host genes based on 4707 patients across 21 cancer types. We found that only 11.6% of miRNA-host pairs were co-transcribed consistently and strongly across cancer types. Most miRNA-host pairs showed a strong coexpression only in some specific cancer types, demonstrating a high heterogenous pattern. For two particular types of intergenic miRNAs, readthrough and divergent miRNAs, readthrough miRNAs showed higher coexpression with their host genes than divergent ones. miRNAs located within non-coding genes had tighter co-transcription with their hosts than those located within protein-coding genes, especially exonic and junction miRNAs. A few precursor miRNAs changed their dominate form between 5 and 3 strands in different cancer types, including miR-486, miR-99b, let-7e, miR-125a, let-7g, miR-339, miR-26a, miR-16, and miR-218, whereas only two miRNAs with multiple host genes switched their co-transcriptional partner in different cancer types (miR-219a-1 with SLC39A7/HSD17B8 and miR-3615 with RAB37/SLC9A3R1). miRNAs generated from distinct precursors (such as miR-125b from miR-125b-1 or miR-125b-2) were more likely to have cancer-dependent main contributors. miRNAs and hosts were less co-expressed in KIRC than other cancer types, possibly due to its frequent VHL mutations. Our findings shed new light on miRNA biogenesis and cancer diagnosis and treatments.

原文English
文章編號1263
期刊Biomedicines
9
發行號9
DOIs
出版狀態Published - 2021 九月

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 醫藥(雜項)
  • 生物化學、遺傳與分子生物學 (全部)

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