Purpose: Partial splenectomy is technically more complicated than total splenectomy due to difficulty in haemostasis, but it can preserve splenic function after operation. We evaluated the feasibility and safety of partial splenectomy performed by an electromagnetic thermal surgery system in a porcine model. Methods: Our system was comprised of an alternating electromagnetic field generator, an extensible coil applicator, comb-needle arrays, and a temperature feedback control component. Ten Lanyu pigs were anaesthetised to conduct partial splenectomy. Two rows of comb-like stainless-steel needle arrays were inserted into the tissue at 15 cm from the distal tip of the spleen. The temperature of the tissues around the needle arrays was raised to 150°C for 3 min and the spleen was transected directly between the needle arrays and then sent for histological examination. Two weeks later, the animals underwent a second celiotomy to remove the remaining spleen for histological examination. Results: The average duration of the partial splenectomy was 10 min as timed from insertion of the needle arrays to the transection of the spleen. There was no blood loss during the procedure. The cut surface of the spleen was well coagulated without any oozing sites. During the re-exploration, no intra-abdominal blood was found. There were dense adhesions between the spleen and the surrounding organs. Histological examination of the cut surface of the excised portion of the spleen showed coagulative necrosis with clot formation in the blood vessels. Conclusions: Partial splenectomy using our electromagnetic thermal system can achieve effective haemostasis and is safe and easy to perform.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physiology (medical)
- Cancer Research