People with Hematological Malignancies Treated with Bone Marrow Transplantation Have Improved Function, Quality of Life, and Fatigue Following Exercise Intervention: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Shaza Abo, Linda Denehy, David Ritchie, Kuan Yin Lin, Lara Edbrooke, Cassie McDonald, Catherine L. Granger

研究成果: Review article同行評審

21 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

Objective. For people with hematological malignancies treated with bone marrow transplantation (BMT), this systematic review aimed to identify, evaluate, and synthesize the evidence examining the effect of exercise training on the outcomes of exercise capacity, health-related quality of life (HRQoL), and hospital length of stay (LOS) and to identify any difference in the effect on people treated with allogeneic versus autologous transplantation. Methods. Five electronic databases were systematically searched from inception to December 5, 2020. Prospective studies with a comparator group, with or without randomization, were included if they investigated the effects of an exercise intervention compared with usual care or another intervention in adults who had a hematological malignancy and were undergoing BMT. Primary outcomes of interest were functional exercise capacity and HRQoL; secondary outcomes included strength, fatigue, hospital LOS, and feasibility. Only randomized controlled trials were included in the meta-analyses. Risk of bias was evaluated using the Physiotherapy Evidence Database or Newcastle-Ottawa Scale; the quality of evidence for meta-analyses was assessed using the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation approach. Results. Twenty-four randomized controlled trials and 3 prospective nonrandomized experimental trials were included (n = 2432). There was moderate-quality evidence that exercise improves functional exercise capacity (mean difference [MD] = 29 m; 95% CI = 12.59 to 45.4), global HRQoL (MD = 3.38 points; 95% CI = 0.37 to 6.39), and fatigue (MD = 2.52 points; 95% CI = 0.42 to 4.63) and low-quality evidence for reduced hospital LOS (MD = 2.07 days; 95%CI = 0.43 to 3.72). These effects were more pronounced in recipients of allogeneic transplantation. No serious adverse events were associated directly with exercise in the included studies. Conclusion. Exercise is safe and improves outcomes, including functional exercise capacity, HRQoL, and hospital LOS in adults undergoing BMT. Impact. The results of this systematic review support the implementation of exercise programs in adults undergoing BMT, particularly recipients of allogeneic transplantation.

原文English
文章編號pzab130
期刊Physical therapy
101
發行號8
DOIs
出版狀態Published - 2021 8月 1

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 物理治療、運動療法和康復

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