Small cell networks with dynamic time-division duplex (D-TDD) have emerged as a potential solution to address the asymmetric traffic demands in 5G wireless networks. By allowing the dynamic adjustment of cell-specific UL/DL configuration, D-TDD flexibly allocates percentage of subframes to UL and DL transmissions to accommodate the traffic within each cell. However, the unaligned transmissions bring in extra interference which degrades the potential gain achieved by DTDD. In this work, we propose an analytical framework to study the performance of multi-antenna small cell networks with clustered D-TDD, where cell clustering is employed to mitigate the interference from opposite transmission direction in neighboring cells. With tools from stochastic geometry, we derive explicit expressions and tractable tight upper bounds for success probability and network throughput. The proposed analytical framework allows to quantify the effect of key system parameters, such as UL/DL configuration, cluster size, antenna number, and SINR threshold. Our results show the superiority of the clustered D-TDD over the traditional D-TDD, and reveal the fact that there exists an optimal cluster size for DL performance, while UL performance always benefits from a larger cluster.