In view of the low carrier mobility of organic materials, the carrier collection ability was suffered from the short transport length before carriers were recombined. To improve performances by enhancing carrier collection ability, the optimal period was 1.5 μm which was obtained by changing the period of titanium dioxide (TiO2) nanorod array in the inverted perovskite solar cells (IPSCs). The power conversion efficiency was improved to 11.96% from the 7.66% of the standard planar IPSCs. Besides, due to the inherent properties of high absorption surface area and high light scattering ability, the 150-nm-thick TiO2 mesoporous layer was embedded in the TiO2 electron transport layer. By changing the annealing temperature, the optimal crystallinity of anatase phase and the optimal porous distribution were obtained in the TiO2 mesoporous layers annealed at 500 °C for 30 min. Using the optimal annealed TiO2 mesoporous layers in the IPSCs, the power conversion efficiency was improved to 12.73%. The power conversion efficiency of 14.47% was obtained for the IPSCs embedded with the optimal 1.5-μm-periodic TiO2 nanorod array and the optimal 500 °C-annealed TiO2 mesoporous layer in the electron transport layer, simultaneously.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Materials Chemistry
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering