Performance improvement of inverted polymer solar cells using quantum dots and nanorod array

Ching Ting Lee, Hsin Ying Lee, Hsuch Chih Hsu

研究成果: Article

摘要

Due to the high absorption at short wavelength and the color conversion effect, CdSe/ZnS core–shell quantum dots were blended into poly (3-hexylthiophene):[6,6]-phenyl-C61-butyric acid methyl ester (P3HT:PCBM) as an active layer of invert polymer solar cells (IPSCs). Compared with the IPSCs using P3HT:PCBM active layer, the short-circuit current density was improved from 10.38 to 11.57 mA/cm2 and the power conversion efficiency was improved from 3.37 to 3.73% for the IPSCs using P3HT:PCBM:CdSe/ZnS active layer. Since the carrier mobility of organic materials is very small, the carrier collection ability is limited by the short carrier transport length before they are recombined. Therefore, the power conversion efficiency of the resulting organic solar cells is unavoidably restricted by the low carrier collection ability. In this work, to improve carrier collection ability, indium tin oxide (ITO) nanorod array was embedded. Compared with the short-circuit current density of 11.57 mA/cm2 and the power conversion efficiency of 3.73% of the IPSCs using P3HT:PCBM:CdSe/ZnS active layer, the short-circuit current density of 15.60 mA/cm2 and the power conversion efficiency of 4.86% were obtained for the IPSCs by embedding 1.0 μm periodic ITO nanorod array in the P3HT:PCBM:CdSe/ZnS active layer.

原文English
頁(從 - 到)14151-14155
頁數5
期刊Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Electronics
30
發行號15
DOIs
出版狀態Published - 2019 八月 1

指紋

Butyric acid
Nanorods
butyric acid
nanorods
Semiconductor quantum dots
Esters
solar cells
quantum dots
Conversion efficiency
esters
Short circuit currents
polymers
short circuit currents
Current density
Tin oxides
Indium
current density
indium oxides
tin oxides
Carrier transport

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

引用此文

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title = "Performance improvement of inverted polymer solar cells using quantum dots and nanorod array",
abstract = "Due to the high absorption at short wavelength and the color conversion effect, CdSe/ZnS core–shell quantum dots were blended into poly (3-hexylthiophene):[6,6]-phenyl-C61-butyric acid methyl ester (P3HT:PCBM) as an active layer of invert polymer solar cells (IPSCs). Compared with the IPSCs using P3HT:PCBM active layer, the short-circuit current density was improved from 10.38 to 11.57 mA/cm2 and the power conversion efficiency was improved from 3.37 to 3.73{\%} for the IPSCs using P3HT:PCBM:CdSe/ZnS active layer. Since the carrier mobility of organic materials is very small, the carrier collection ability is limited by the short carrier transport length before they are recombined. Therefore, the power conversion efficiency of the resulting organic solar cells is unavoidably restricted by the low carrier collection ability. In this work, to improve carrier collection ability, indium tin oxide (ITO) nanorod array was embedded. Compared with the short-circuit current density of 11.57 mA/cm2 and the power conversion efficiency of 3.73{\%} of the IPSCs using P3HT:PCBM:CdSe/ZnS active layer, the short-circuit current density of 15.60 mA/cm2 and the power conversion efficiency of 4.86{\%} were obtained for the IPSCs by embedding 1.0 μm periodic ITO nanorod array in the P3HT:PCBM:CdSe/ZnS active layer.",
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