Performance of a low-cost earthquake early warning system (P-ALErt) and shake map production during the 2018 M w 6.4 Hualien, Taiwan, earthquake

Yih Min Wu, Mittal Himanshu, Ting Chung Huang, Benjamin M. Yang, Jyh Cherng Jan, Sean Kuanhsiang Chen

研究成果: Review article

12 引文 (Scopus)

摘要

On 6 February 2018, an M w 6.4 earthquake struck near the city of Hualien, in eastern Taiwan with a focal depth of 10.4 km. The earthquake caused strong shaking and severe damage to many buildings in Hualien. The maximum intensity during this earthquake reached VII (> 0:4g) in the epicentral region, which is extreme in Taiwan and capable of causing damage in built structures. About 17 people died and approximately 285 were injured. Taiwan was one of the first countries to implement an earthquake early warning (EEW) system that is capable of issuing a warning prior to strong shaking. In addition to the official EEW run by the Central Weather Bureau (CWB), a low-cost EEW system (P-alert) has been deployed by National Taiwan University (NTU). The P-alert network is currently operational and is capable of providing on-site EEW as well as a map of expected ground shaking. In the present work, we demonstrate the performance of the P-alert network during the 2018 Hualien earthquake. The shake maps generated by the P-alert network were available within 2 min and are in good agreement with the patterns of observed damage in the area. These shake maps provide insights into rupture directivity that are crucial for earthquake engineering. During this earthquake, individual P-alert stations acted as on-site EEWsystems and provided 2–8 s lead time in the blind zone around the epicenter. The coseismic deformation (C d ) is estimated using the records of P-alert stations. The higher C d values (C d > 2) in the epicentral region are very helpful for authorities for the purpose of responding to damage mitigation.

原文English
頁(從 - 到)19-29
頁數11
期刊Seismological Research Letters
90
發行號1
DOIs
出版狀態Published - 2019 二月 1

指紋

early warning systems
early warning system
Taiwan
earthquakes
earthquake
cost
shaking
warning
damage
stations
earthquake engineering
earthquake epicenter
directivity
weather
rupture
mitigation

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geophysics

引用此文

Wu, Yih Min ; Himanshu, Mittal ; Huang, Ting Chung ; Yang, Benjamin M. ; Jan, Jyh Cherng ; Chen, Sean Kuanhsiang. / Performance of a low-cost earthquake early warning system (P-ALErt) and shake map production during the 2018 M w 6.4 Hualien, Taiwan, earthquake 於: Seismological Research Letters. 2019 ; 卷 90, 編號 1. 頁 19-29.
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abstract = "On 6 February 2018, an M w 6.4 earthquake struck near the city of Hualien, in eastern Taiwan with a focal depth of 10.4 km. The earthquake caused strong shaking and severe damage to many buildings in Hualien. The maximum intensity during this earthquake reached VII (> 0:4g) in the epicentral region, which is extreme in Taiwan and capable of causing damage in built structures. About 17 people died and approximately 285 were injured. Taiwan was one of the first countries to implement an earthquake early warning (EEW) system that is capable of issuing a warning prior to strong shaking. In addition to the official EEW run by the Central Weather Bureau (CWB), a low-cost EEW system (P-alert) has been deployed by National Taiwan University (NTU). The P-alert network is currently operational and is capable of providing on-site EEW as well as a map of expected ground shaking. In the present work, we demonstrate the performance of the P-alert network during the 2018 Hualien earthquake. The shake maps generated by the P-alert network were available within 2 min and are in good agreement with the patterns of observed damage in the area. These shake maps provide insights into rupture directivity that are crucial for earthquake engineering. During this earthquake, individual P-alert stations acted as on-site EEWsystems and provided 2–8 s lead time in the blind zone around the epicenter. The coseismic deformation (C d ) is estimated using the records of P-alert stations. The higher C d values (C d > 2) in the epicentral region are very helpful for authorities for the purpose of responding to damage mitigation.",
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Performance of a low-cost earthquake early warning system (P-ALErt) and shake map production during the 2018 M w 6.4 Hualien, Taiwan, earthquake . / Wu, Yih Min; Himanshu, Mittal; Huang, Ting Chung; Yang, Benjamin M.; Jan, Jyh Cherng; Chen, Sean Kuanhsiang.

於: Seismological Research Letters, 卷 90, 編號 1, 01.02.2019, p. 19-29.

研究成果: Review article

TY - JOUR

T1 - Performance of a low-cost earthquake early warning system (P-ALErt) and shake map production during the 2018 M w 6.4 Hualien, Taiwan, earthquake

AU - Wu, Yih Min

AU - Himanshu, Mittal

AU - Huang, Ting Chung

AU - Yang, Benjamin M.

AU - Jan, Jyh Cherng

AU - Chen, Sean Kuanhsiang

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N2 - On 6 February 2018, an M w 6.4 earthquake struck near the city of Hualien, in eastern Taiwan with a focal depth of 10.4 km. The earthquake caused strong shaking and severe damage to many buildings in Hualien. The maximum intensity during this earthquake reached VII (> 0:4g) in the epicentral region, which is extreme in Taiwan and capable of causing damage in built structures. About 17 people died and approximately 285 were injured. Taiwan was one of the first countries to implement an earthquake early warning (EEW) system that is capable of issuing a warning prior to strong shaking. In addition to the official EEW run by the Central Weather Bureau (CWB), a low-cost EEW system (P-alert) has been deployed by National Taiwan University (NTU). The P-alert network is currently operational and is capable of providing on-site EEW as well as a map of expected ground shaking. In the present work, we demonstrate the performance of the P-alert network during the 2018 Hualien earthquake. The shake maps generated by the P-alert network were available within 2 min and are in good agreement with the patterns of observed damage in the area. These shake maps provide insights into rupture directivity that are crucial for earthquake engineering. During this earthquake, individual P-alert stations acted as on-site EEWsystems and provided 2–8 s lead time in the blind zone around the epicenter. The coseismic deformation (C d ) is estimated using the records of P-alert stations. The higher C d values (C d > 2) in the epicentral region are very helpful for authorities for the purpose of responding to damage mitigation.

AB - On 6 February 2018, an M w 6.4 earthquake struck near the city of Hualien, in eastern Taiwan with a focal depth of 10.4 km. The earthquake caused strong shaking and severe damage to many buildings in Hualien. The maximum intensity during this earthquake reached VII (> 0:4g) in the epicentral region, which is extreme in Taiwan and capable of causing damage in built structures. About 17 people died and approximately 285 were injured. Taiwan was one of the first countries to implement an earthquake early warning (EEW) system that is capable of issuing a warning prior to strong shaking. In addition to the official EEW run by the Central Weather Bureau (CWB), a low-cost EEW system (P-alert) has been deployed by National Taiwan University (NTU). The P-alert network is currently operational and is capable of providing on-site EEW as well as a map of expected ground shaking. In the present work, we demonstrate the performance of the P-alert network during the 2018 Hualien earthquake. The shake maps generated by the P-alert network were available within 2 min and are in good agreement with the patterns of observed damage in the area. These shake maps provide insights into rupture directivity that are crucial for earthquake engineering. During this earthquake, individual P-alert stations acted as on-site EEWsystems and provided 2–8 s lead time in the blind zone around the epicenter. The coseismic deformation (C d ) is estimated using the records of P-alert stations. The higher C d values (C d > 2) in the epicentral region are very helpful for authorities for the purpose of responding to damage mitigation.

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