Zeolites are aluminosilicate minerals with multiple channels and cages. They are widely used in industry; further, owing to its increasing demand, the hydrothermal synthesis of zeolites from natural minerals/rocks has attracted great attention. This study aims to discuss the crystal growth mechanisms of zeolites from pumice. Pumice is a widely available porous volcanic glass (mainly consisting of 65–75% SiO2 and 9–20% Al2O3) that can be used in the fabrication of zeolites. In this study, zeolite was formed from pumice via a hydrothermal method with varying alkaline concentrations, reaction times and temperatures, and addition of NaCl. Zeolite Na-P1 was synthesized under conditions of 0.1 or 0.5 M at 150 °C. The feldspar phase (albite) initially occurred, followed by the zeolite phase (zeolite Na-P1). Phillipsite was an unstable intermediate product during this synthesis process. Based on these results, we suggest that the phase transformation sequence follows the order of albite, phillipsite, and zeolite Na-P1. Moreover, it can be speculated that an increase in cation concentration can induce a rapid occurrence of the zeolite phase (zeolite Na-P1). Raman spectrometry analyses provided insights into the formation mechanism of zeolite structures, indicating differences related to the number of sodium ions. Both zeolite Na-P1 and phillipsite are composed of four- and eight-membered rings, and the former is mainly grown with four-membered rings as the main structure. This study provides a low-cost and simple synthetic method for producing zeolite Na-P1 and phillipsite, which can be used as indicator minerals for marine/lake facies and in environmental treatment.
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