Despite the resources dedicated since 2001 to training health providers in emergency and bioterrorism preparedness and response, the literature on the participation of physician assistants (PAs) is very limited. The purpose of this pilot study was to explore the training level and experiences of PAs in the diagnosis and treatment of chemical, biological, radiological, nuclear, and explosive agents that could be used in a bioterrorism attack. The study population consisted of licensed PAs in 37 northern Texas counties. Data were collected through mailed and web-based surveys. Response rate was 36%. More than half of the respondents (58.6%) had not participated in bioterrorism preparedness and response training. Results also indicated that the level of training has not increased since September 11, 2001. However, most respondents were receptive to the idea of participating in both preparedness training and response efforts. It is recommended that state agencies increase training opportunities for PAs in bioterrorism preparedness and response.
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